GB/T 6379.62009 PDF in English
GB/T 6379.62009 (GB/T6379.62009, GBT 6379.62009, GBT6379.62009)
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Accuracy (trueness and precision) of measurement methods and results  Part 6: Use in practice of accuracy values
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GB/T 6379.62009: PDF in English (GBT 6379.62009) GB/T 6379.62009
Accuracy (trueness and precision) of measurement methods and results.Part 6. Use in practice of accuracy values
ICS 03.120.30
A41
National Standards of People's Republic of China
GB/T 6379.62009/ISO 57256.1994
Measurement method and accuracy of results
(correctness and precision)
Part 6. Practical application of accuracy values
(ISO 57256.1994, IDT)
Released on.20090313
20090901 implementation
General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the People's Republic of China
China National Standardization Administration issued
Content
Foreword I
Introduction II
1 range 1
2 Normative references 1
3 Terms and Definitions 2
4 limit determination 2
4.1 Repeatability and Reproducibility Limit 2
4.2 Comparison based on more than two values 2
5 Methods for checking the acceptability of test results and determining the final report results 3
5.1 General 3
5.2 Acceptable test results for test results obtained under repetitive conditions 4
5.3 Acceptable test results for test results obtained under reproducible conditions 9
6 Method for checking the stability of test results in laboratory room 10
6.1 Background 10
6.2 Method of checking stability 11
7 Application of repeatability standard deviation and reproducibility standard deviation in laboratory evaluation 22
7.1 Assessment method 22
7.2 Assessment of measurement methods used by unassessed laboratories 23
7.3 Reassessment of accredited laboratories 25
8 Comparison with alternative measurement methods 29
8.1 Reasons for considering alternative measurement methods 29
8.2 Purpose of the comparison measurement method 29
8.3 Method B. Alternative Standard Method as a Candidate (“Standardized Test” is not established) 29
8.4 Accuracy test 30
8.5 Method B as a candidate for conventional methods 35
Appendix A (Normative) Symbols and abbreviations used in GB/T 6379 37
GB/T 6379.62009/ISO 57256.1994
Foreword
GB/T 6379 "The accuracy of measurement methods and results (correctness and precision)" is divided into the following six parts, its structure and corresponding country
The standard is.
 Part 1. General and definitions (ISO 57251.1994, IDT);
 Part 2. Basic methods for determining the repeatability and reproducibility of standard measurement methods (ISO 57252.1994 IDT);
 Part 3. Intermediate measure of precision of standard measurement methods (ISO 57253.1994, IDT);
 Part 4. Basic methods for determining the accuracy of standard measurement methods (ISO 57254.1994, IDT);
 Part 5. Alternative methods for determining the precision of standard measurement methods (ISO 57255.1998, IDT);
 Part 6. Practical application of accuracy values (ISO 57256.1994, IDT).
This part is the sixth part of GB/T 6379.
This part is equivalent to the international standard ISO 57256.1994 "The accuracy of measurement methods and results (correctness and precision) Part 6
Points. Practical Application of Accuracy Values and ISO Technical Revisions for the.1994 version of ISO 57256 issued by ISO .20011015. Correct
The error of ISO 57256.1994 was corrected as follows.
 According to the calculation results, redrawn Figure 10;
 In the original table 6, 狓1 totaled 16.84 a calculation error, changed to 16.74.
Part 1 to Part 6 of GB/T 6379 replaces GB/T 63791986 and GB/T 117921989 as a whole. Standard
The quasimiddlescale extension of the original precision concept adds to the concept of accuracy, collectively referred to as accuracy; in addition to repetitive conditions and reproducibility conditions,
The intermediate precision condition.
The contents of this section partially replace GB/T 63791986 and GB/T 117921989.
Appendix A of this section is a normative appendix.
This part was proposed by the Guangdong EntryExit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau.
This part is under the jurisdiction of the National Statistical Method Application Standardization Technical Committee.
This section drafted by. Guangdong EntryExit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau, Academy of Mathematics and Systems Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China Institute of Standardization.
The main drafters of this section. Li Chengming, Feng Shizhen, Zhang Zhenkun, Jiang Jian, Zhou Qi, Ding Wenxing, Song Wuyuan, Yu Zhenfan, Li Zhengjun, Xiao Hui,
Liu Jianbin, Chen Yuzhong.
This section was first released in.2009.
GB/T 6379.62009/ISO 57256.1994
introduction
0.1 GB/T 6379 uses two terms “correctness” and “precision” to describe the accuracy of a measurement method. Correctness refers to a large number of tests
The degree of agreement between the (arithmetic) mean of the result and the true or accepted reference value; and precision refers to the degree of agreement between the test results.
0.2 The reason for considering precision is mainly because it is assumed that the same material (material/material) that is the same or considered to be the same under the same conditions
Testing, generally won't get the same result. This is mainly because random errors are inevitable in each measurement procedure, and those
Factors affecting measurement results are not fully controlled. This variation must be considered in the actual interpretation of the measured data. example
For example, the difference between the test result and the specified value may be within the unavoidable random error range. In this case, between the test value and the specified value
The true deviation is not certain. Similarly, when comparing the test results of two batches of materials, if the difference between them is from the measurement program
Intrinsic changes cannot reveal the essential difference between the two batches of materials.
Sections 1 through 5 of 0.3 GB/T 6379 discuss precision (represented by repeatability standard deviation and reproducibility standard deviation) and accuracy (using
The components of the bias represent the background of the assessment and give the test results obtained using a standard measurement method to the precision and accuracy.
Some methods of line assessment. However, if the assessment results cannot be used in practice, these assessment methods lose their meaning.
0.4 Once the accuracy of the measurement method is determined, this part of GB/T 6379 will use this knowledge to facilitate business and trade, while using
To supervise and improve the operation of the laboratory.
GB/T 6379.62009/ISO 57256.1994
Measurement method and accuracy of results
(correctness and precision)
Part 6. Practical application of accuracy values
1 range
1.1 GB/T 6379 The purpose of this section is to illustrate the various practical situations in which accuracy data can be applied.
a) Given standard methods for calculating repeatability limits, reproducibility limits, and other limits, these calculated limits will be used to check the use criteria.
The test results obtained by the quasimeasurement method;
b) proposing a method for accepting the test results obtained under repetitive or reproducible conditions;
c) Describe how to assess the stability of a laboratory's test results over a period of time, thereby providing “quality control” for inlab operations
Method
d) describe how to assess whether a particular laboratory has the ability to properly use a given standard measurement method;
e) Describe how to compare alternative measurement methods.
1.2 The measurement methods involved in this section refer to the measurement of continuous quantities, and only one measurement value is taken at a time as the measurement result.
Method, although this value may be the result of a set of observations.
1.3 This section assumes that the accuracy and precision of the measurement method have been measured in accordance with the methods of Part 1 to Part 5 of GB/T 6379.
obtain.
1.4 Any additional information about the use case should be given at the beginning of each specific use.
2 Normative references
The terms of the following documents become the provisions of this part by reference in this part of GB/T 6379. Quotations with dated
And all subsequent amendments (not including errata content) or revisions do not apply to this section, however, encouragement is based on this section.
The parties to the agreement study whether the latest versions of these documents can be used. For undated references, the latest edition applies to this
section.
GB/T 3358.11993 Statistical terminology Part I General statistical terms
GB/T 40912001 Conventional Control Chart (ISO 8258.1991, IDT)
GB/T 6379.12004 Accuracy of measurement methods and results (accuracy and precision) Part 1. General and definition
(ISO 57251.1994, IDT)
GB/T 6379.22004 Accuracy of measurement methods and results (accuracy and precision) Part 2. Determination of standard measurement
Basic method of repeatability and reproducibility of law (ISO 57252.1994, IDT)
GB/T 6379.42006 Accuracy of measurement methods and results (accuracy and precision) Part 4. Determination of standard measurement
Basic method of correctness of law (ISO 57254.1994, IDT)
GB/T 6379.52006 Accuracy of measurement methods and results (accuracy and precision) Part 5. Determination of standard measurement
Alternative method of precision (ISO 57255.1998, IDT)
GB/T 27025 General requirements for testing and calibration laboratory capabilities (GB/T 270252008, ISO /IEC 17025.2005,
IDT)
ISO 35341.1993 Statistical vocabulary and symbols  Part 1. Probability and general statistical terms
ISO 57253.1994 Accuracy of measurement methods and results (accuracy and precision) Part 3. Standard measurement method precision
Intermediate metric
GB/T 6379.62009/ISO 57256.1994
ISO Guide 33. 1989 Use of Certified Reference Materials (Standard Substances)
ISO Guide 35.1989 General principles and statistical principles for reference materials (standard substances)
3 Terms and definitions
The terms and definitions given in GB/T 3358.1 and GB/T 6379.1 are still applicable in this part of GB/T 6379.
The symbols used in GB/T 6379 are given in Appendix A.
4 limit determination
4.1 Repeatability and reproducibility limits
4.1.1 GB/T 6379.2 focuses on the estimation of various standard deviations measured under repetitive conditions and reproducibility conditions. however
In the usual laboratory work, it is often required to check the difference between the observations of two (or more) test results.
A measure such as a critical difference, not just a standard deviation.
4.1.2 If an estimator is the sum or difference of the independent estimators, the standard deviation of each estimator is σ, then the standard deviation of the sum or difference
The limit is 95%. In the full analysis of GB/T 6379, it is assumed that the basic distribution is approximately normal. For a normal distribution, 95% probability level
4.1.3 As mentioned earlier, when the true value of the standard deviation is unknown, the result of the estimated precision gives an estimate of the standard deviation. In statistical practice,
The standard deviation is estimated using 狊 instead of σ. According to the procedures given in GB/T 6379.1 and GB/T 6379.2, these estimates are based.
A certain number of test results give us the best information about the true value of the standard deviation. Therefore, in other applications in the future, remember
狊 is an estimate based on the standard deviation of the relatively finite test results, and the value obtained by the full precision test is represented by σ and is taken as the value
The true value of the standard deviation is compared to other estimates.
4.1.4 From 4.1.1 to 4.1.3, when testing two single test results obtained under conditions of repeatability or reproducibility,
4.2 Based on comparison of more than two values
4.2.1 Comparison of two sets of results in a laboratory
In a laboratory, if two sets of measurements are taken under repetitive conditions, the first set of test results is a number 1, and the arithmetic mean is
珔狔1; the second group of test results is the shape 2, the arithmetic mean is 珔狔2, then the standard deviation of (珔狔1珔狔2) is.
Shape 1+
Shape ( )槡2
At the 95% probability level, the critical difference between 珔狔1珔狔2 is.
2 shape 1+
2 槡 2
4.2.2 Comparison of two sets of measurements in two laboratories
If the first laboratory test result is 1 in repeatability conditions, the arithmetic mean is 珔狔1; the second laboratory test result
The number is 2, and its arithmetic mean is 珔狔2; then the standard deviation of (珔狔1珔狔2) is.
σ= σ2L+
Shape 1σ
Shape 2σ
Shape 1+
Shape ( )槡2
GB/T 6379.62009/ISO 57256.1994
2 shape 1
2 ( ) 槡 2
At the 95% probability level, the critical difference between 珔狔1珔狔2 is.
2 shape 1
2 ( ) 槡 2
Note 2. If the shape 1 = shape 2 = 1, the abovementioned critical difference is reduced to R = 2.8 σR.
4.2.3 Comparison of test results and reference values in a laboratory
If, under repetitive conditions, a laboratory has obtained a test result with an arithmetic mean of 珔狔, then it should be associated with a certain
The determined reference value μ0 is compared, and in the case where the biased laboratory component has not been determined, the standard deviation of (珔狔μ0) is.
σ= σ2L+
Shape σ
=1
槡2
1( )
=1
槡2
Shape1( )
At the 95% probability level, the critical difference of 珔狔μ0 is.
CD0.95=
槡2
Shape1( )
4.2.4 Comparison of test results and reference values in multiple laboratories
Comparing the total average with the reference value μ0, the standard deviation of (珕狔μ0) is.
L+
= 1
= 1
Thus, at the 95% probability level, the critical difference of 珕狔μ0 is.
CD0.95 =
4.2.5 Report comparison results
If the absolute difference of the test results exceeds the reasonable limits given in the above clauses, the corresponding absolute difference shall be considered suspicious. At this time, for counting
All measurements that count for this absolute difference should be considered suspicious and further review is required.
5 Methods for checking the acceptability of test results and determining the final report results
5.1 General
A case where σR is known. Therefore, when the difference between the N test results exceeds the reasonable limit given in Chapter 4, then N tests are considered
GB/T 6379.62009/ISO 57256.1994
One, two, or all of the results of the test are abnormal. It is recommended to look for the cause of the anomaly from a technical point of view. However, it may be due to
For commercial reasons, it is necessary to obtain an acceptable value, and the test results should be processed according to the methods specified in this chapter.
5.1.2 This chapter assumes that all test results are obtained under repetitive conditions or reproducibility conditions, and the probability level used in the calculation is 95%.
If the test results are obtained under intermediate precision conditions (see ISO 57253.1994), the corresponding intermediate precision measurements shall be used.
5.1.3 In some cases, the method described in 5.2 will result in the median of the test results as the final report result, which is best
Discard it.
5.2 Acceptable test methods for test results obtained under repetitive conditions
Note 3. In 5.2.2.1 and 5.2.2.2, the low or high measurement cost refers not only to the cost, but also whether the measurement is complicated, whether it is difficult to implement, and whether
Time consuming.
5.2.1 Single test result
It is rare to take only one test result in the commodity inspection. When there is only one test result, it is necessary to immediately
It is impossible for the multiplexed metric to perform a statistical test of acceptability. If you have any questions about the accuracy of the test results, you should get a second
Test Results. The more common case of two test results is described below.
5.2.2 Two test results
5.2.2.1 The situation with low test cost
At this time, if the extreme difference (狓max狓min) of the four test results is equal to or less than the value = 4, the probability level is 95% of the critical range.
For CR0.95(4), the arithmetic mean of these four test results is taken as the final report result.
The critical range is calculated as follows.
The value of the number.
If the extremes of the four test results are greater than the repeatability critical range, the median of the four test results is taken as the final report result.
The above process can be represented by the flowchart of FIG. 1.
5.2.2.2 The situation with high test cost
At this time, if the extreme difference (狓max狓min) of the three test results is equal to or less than the value = 3, the probability level is 95% of the critical range
For CR0.95(3), the average of the three test results is taken as the final report result.
If the difference between the three test results is greater than the critical range CR 0.95 (3), the final report result is determined by one of the following two cases.
a) It is impossible to obtain the fourth test result.
The laboratory should take the median as the final report.
This process can be represented by the flow chart of FIG. 2.
b) It is possible to obtain the fourth test result.
The laboratory should take the fourth test result. If the extreme difference (狓max狓min) of the four test results is equal to or less than the critical range
CR0.95(4), take the arithmetic mean of the four test results as the final report result; if the range is greater than CR0.95(4), take
The median of the 4 test results is the final report result.
This process can be represented by the flow chart of FIG.
GB/T 6379.62009/ISO 57256.1994
2 2.8 25 5.2
3 3.3 26 5.2
4 3.6 27 5.2
5 3.9 28 5.3
6 4.0 29 5.3
7 4.2 30 5.3
8 4.3 31 5.3
9 4.4 32 5.3
10 4.5 33 5.4
11 4.6 34 5.4
12 4.6 35 5.4
13 4.7 36 5.4
14 4.7 37 5.4
15 4.8 38 5.5
16 4.8 39 5.5
17 4.9 40 5.5
18 4.9 45 5.6
19 5.0 50 5.6
20 5.0 60 5.8
21 5.0 70 5.9
22 5.1 80 5.9
23 5.1 90 6.0
24 5.1 100 6.1
The sample size extracted in the sample is the maximum and minimum values of the sample.
Where. 狓(2) is the second smallest test result, and 狓(3) is the third smallest test result.
Figure 1 Inspection method for receptivity of test results obtained under repetitive conditions
(From the beginning of two test results and the test cost is low. Case 5.2.2.1)
GB/T 6379.62009/ISO 57256.1994
Where. 狓(2) is the second smallest test result
Figure 2 Inspection method for acceptable test results under repetitive conditions
(From the beginning of two test results and the test cost is high. Case 5.2.2.2犪)
Where. 狓(2) is the second smallest test result, and 狓(3) is the third smallest test result.
Figure 3. Method for checking the acceptability of test results obtained under repetitive conditions
(From the beginning of two test results and the test cost is high. Case 5.2.2.2犫)
GB/T 6379.62009/ISO 57256.1994
5.2.3 Starting with more than two results
In practice, there are often cases where the initial number of results is greater than two. Under repetitive conditions, the method of determining the final report results when the shape is >2
The method when the shape = 2 is similar.
The difference (狓max狓min) of the results is compared with the critical range CR0.95 (form) calculated according to Table 1. if the difference is equal to or less than
If the boundary is extremely poor, the arithmetic mean of the results is taken as the final report result.
If the range is greater than the critical range, the final report results are determined by one of the three cases A, B, and C indicated in Figures 4 through 6 below.
Case A and Case B correspond to the case where the test cost is lower and higher, respectively. Case C is available for selection and is recommended for ≥
5 and the test cost is lower, or the condition is ≥ 4 and the test cost is high.
For the case where the test cost is low, Case A differs from Case C in that Case A requires additional measurement, and Case C only needs
It is necessary to add a measurement smaller than 2 times. According to the situation, the final report result is determined, and ultimately depends on the size of the shape and the difficulty of each measurement.
degree.
In the case where the test cost is high, Case B differs from Case C in that Case C requires additional measurement, and Case B does not need to be added.
Measurement; Case B is the only option when the cost of additional measurements is very high and therefore impossible.
Figure 4. Method for checking the acceptability of test results obtained under repetitive conditions
(From the beginning of a test result and the test cost is low. Case A)
Figure 5. Method for checking the acceptability of test results obtained under repetitive conditions
(From the beginning of a test result and the test cost is high. Case B)
GB/T 6379.62009/ISO 57256.1994
Figure 6 Inspection method for receptivity of test results obtained under repetitive conditions
(From the beginning of a test result and the test cost is high. Case C)
5.2.4 Case B. Highcost chemical analysis
In complex and timeconsuming chemical analyses, expensive situations are often encountered and often take 2 days, 3 days or more to complete.
One analysis. If technically suspicious data or outliers are found in the first analysis, then reanalysis will be time consuming and expensive.
money. Therefore, usually 3 or 4 test results are obtained at the beginning of the repeatability condition, and then analyzed according to the procedure of Case B. Reference
See Figure 5.
For example, when using fire assay to determine the gold and silver content in the ore, although there are many methods available, all methods are required.
Expensive equipment, highly skilled operators and considerable measurement time usually take about 2 days. When the ore contains platinum group elements
Or other symbiotic metals require more time to complete a complete measurement analysis process.
The following are the four test results for the gold content obtained in the refined copper ore under repetitive conditions, using the method of Case B for these test knots.
If it is processed.
Gold content (g/t). 11.0 11.0 10.8 10.5
3.6, the corresponding critical range is.
CR0.95(4)=3.6×0.12=0.43g/t
Because the extreme difference of the above four test results is. 11.010.5=0.5g/t, the range is greater than the critical range, so the final report result
The median of 4 results, namely.
11.0+10.8
2 =10.9g
/t
5.2.5 Description of the precision test
If the results exceed the critical value as described in 5.2.2 or 5.2.3, the precision and/or the measurement method of the laboratory shall be
The precision test was conducted.
5.2.6 Final report results
If only the final test results are needed, the following two points should be explained.
The number of test results used to calculate the final report test results;
GB/T 6379.62009/ISO 57256.1994
 The final report test results are the arithmetic mean or median of the test results.
5.3 Acceptable test methods for test results obtained under reproducible conditions
5.3.1 General
These methods are applicable to situations where there are two laboratories and the arithmetic mean of the resulting test results or results differs. At this point it should be like heavy
In the case of renaturation, the statistical standard of reproducibility is used for statistical tests.
In each case, a sufficient amount of test material (substance or material) should be used for testing, including the preservation of a portion of the spare sample to
Use when retesting if necessary. The amount of spare material depends on the measurement method and its complexity. The spare materials should be properly kept to prevent
Damage and deterioration.
The samples from both laboratories should be the same, ie the two laboratories should use the final sample in the sample preparation phase.
5.3.2 Statistical test of consistency between two laboratory test results
5.3.2.1 There is only one test result per laboratory
When there is only one test result per laboratory, the absolute value of the difference between the two laboratory results is tested using the reproducibility limit R = 2.8 σR.
If the absolute difference is less than or equal to R, the results are considered to be consistent, and the average is taken as the final report result; if the two test results are absolute
If the difference is greater than R, the reason for the difference must be found to be due to the low precision of the test method and/or the difference in the test sample. Two laboratories
The precision shall be checked under repeatability conditions in accordance with the procedures specified in 5.2.2.
5.3.2.2 Situation in which each laboratory has more than one test result
It is assumed that each laboratory has obtained the final report results in accordance with the procedures specified in 5.2. Thus, just consider the two final report results
Acceptability is fine. To test whether the results of the two laboratories are consistent, the absolute difference between the two results should be compared to the critical difference CD 0.95. Do not
The expression of CD0.95 in the same situation is as follows.
a) The critical difference CD0.95 for both results is the arithmetic mean (repetition times are 1 and 2, respectively).
2 ( ) 槡 2
If the shape 1 = shape 2 = 1, the above formula is reduced to R given in 5.3.2.1; if the shape 1 = shape 2 = 2, the reduction is.
槡2
b) One of the two results is the mean (the number of repetitions is 1) and the other is the median (the number of repetitions is 2)
CD0.95 is.
{犮(状2)}2
2 ( ) 槡 2
Where 犮 is the ratio of the standard deviation of the median to the standard deviation of the mean, as shown in Table 2.
c) The critical difference CD0.95 when both results are median (repetition times 1 and 2).
{犮(1)}2
2 shape 1 
{犮(状2)}2
2 ( ) 槡 2
The values of 犮 (shape) are shown in Table 2.
If the absolute value of the difference between the two results is not greater than the critical difference, the final report results of both laboratories can be received, taking the total of the two results.
Average as the final report result. If the absolute value of the difference between the two results is greater than the critical difference, the procedure given in 5.3.3 shall be used.
Table 2 犮 (shape) values
Test results
1 1.000
2 1.000
3 1.160
4 1.092
5 1.197
GB/T 6379.62009/ISO 57256.1994
Table 2 (continued)
Test results
6 1.135
7 1.214
8 1.160
9 1.223
10 1.176
11 1.228
12 1.187
13 1.232
14 1.196
15 1.235
16 1.202
17 1.237
18 1.207
19 1.239
20 1.212
5.3.3 Ways to resolve the inconsistency between the test results of the two laboratories
The reasons for the inconsistency in the final report results of the two laboratories may be.
 ......
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