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GB/T 42177-2022 PDF in English


GB/T 42177-2022 (GB/T42177-2022, GBT 42177-2022, GBT42177-2022)
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GB/T 42177-2022: PDF in English (GBT 42177-2022)

GB/T 42177-2022
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 27.010
CCS F 19
Technical requirements and test methods for gaseous
hydrogen valves used in hydrogen fuelling stations
(ISO 19880-3:2018 Gaseous hydrogen - Fuelling stations - Part 3: Valves,
NEQ)
ISSUED ON: DECEMBER 30, 2022
IMPLEMENTED ON: APRIL 01, 2023
Issued by: State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 5
1 Scope ... 6
2 Normative references ... 6
3 Terms and definitions ... 7
4 Technical requirements ... 8
4.1 Basic requirements ... 8
4.2 Materials ... 9
4.3 Working pressure level ... 9
5 General test methods and qualification indicators ... 10
5.1 Basic requirements ... 10
5.2 Test conditions ... 11
5.3 Extreme temperature hydrogen cycle test ... 12
5.4 Leakage test ... 12
5.5 Overpressure hydrogen cycle test ... 13
5.6 Hydrostatic test ... 14
5.7 Hydraulic strength test ... 14
5.8 Torque test ... 14
5.9 Bending test ... 14
5.10 Non-metal seal test ... 16
5.11 Precooled hydrogen exposure test ... 16
6 Check valves ... 17
6.1 Extreme temperature hydrogen cycle test ... 17
6.2 Leakage test ... 17
6.3 Overpressure hydrogen cycle test ... 17
6.4 Hydrostatic test ... 18
6.5 Hydraulic strength test ... 18
6.6 Bending test ... 18
6.7 Non-metal seal test ... 18
7 Excess flow valves ... 18
7.1 Extreme temperature hydrogen cycle test ... 18
7.2 Leakage test ... 18
7.3 Overpressure hydrogen cycle test ... 18
7.4 Hydrostatic test ... 18
7.5 Hydraulic strength test ... 18
7.6 Torque test ... 19
7.7 Bending test ... 19
7.8 Non-metal seal test ... 19
7.9 Action test ... 19
7.10 Action cycle test ... 19
7.11 Pressure pulse test ... 19
8 Control valves ... 20
8.1 Extreme temperature hydrogen cycle test ... 20
8.2 External leakage test ... 20
8.3 Overpressure hydrogen cycle test ... 20
8.4 Hydrostatic test ... 20
8.5 Hydraulic strength test ... 21
8.6 Torque test ... 21
8.7 Bending test ... 21
8.8 Non-metal seal test ... 21
8.9 Action test ... 21
8.10 Action cycle test ... 21
9 Break away coupling ... 22
9.1 Extreme temperature hydrogen cycle test ... 22
9.2 External leakage test ... 22
9.3 Overpressure hydrogen cycle test ... 23
9.4 Hydrostatic test ... 23
9.5 Hydraulic strength test ... 23
9.6 Torque test ... 24
9.7 Bending test ... 24
9.8 Non-metal seal test ... 24
9.9 Axial separation pull test ... 24
9.10 Impact test ... 25
9.11 Drop test ... 26
9.12 Torsion cycle test ... 27
9.13 Precooled hydrogen exposure test ... 27
10 Manual valves ... 28
10.1 Extreme temperature hydrogen cycle test ... 28
10.2 Leakage test ... 28
10.3 Overpressure hydrogen cycle test ... 28
10.4 Hydrostatic test ... 28
10.5 Hydraulic strength test ... 28
10.6 Torque test ... 28
10.7 Bending test ... 28
10.8 Non-metal seal test ... 28
10.9 Maximum flow shutdown test ... 28
10.10 Open and close cycle test ... 29
10.11 Torque cycle test ... 29
11 Filters ... 30
11.1 Extreme temperature hydrogen cycle test ... 30
11.2 Structural integrity and initial bubble point test ... 30
11.3 Filtration characteristic test of filter element ... 30
11.4 Pressure drop flow characteristic test ... 30
11.5 Flow fatigue characteristics test ... 31
11.6 Rated axial load test ... 31
11.7 Anti-rupture property test ... 31
12 Safety valves ... 31
12.1 Extreme temperature hydrogen cycle test ... 31
12.2 Leakage test ... 32
12.3 Overpressure hydrogen cycle test ... 32
12.4 Hydrostatic test ... 32
12.5 Torque test ... 33
12.6 Bending test ... 33
12.7 Non-metal seal test ... 33
12.8 Action test ... 33
13 Globe valve ... 34
13.1 Extreme temperature hydrogen cycle test ... 34
13.2 Leakage test ... 34
13.3 Overpressure hydrogen cycle test ... 34
13.4 Hydrostatic test ... 34
13.5 Hydraulic strength test ... 34
13.6 Torque test ... 34
13.7 Bending test ... 34
13.8 Non-metal seal test ... 35
13.9 Open and close cycle test ... 35
13.10 Maximum flow shutdown test ... 35
13.11 Precooled hydrogen exposure test ... 35
14 Marks ... 36
14.1 Mark information ... 36
14.2 Marking method ... 37
Bibliography ... 38
Technical requirements and test methods for gaseous
hydrogen valves used in hydrogen fuelling stations
1 Scope
This document specifies the technical requirements, test methods, marks and other
requirements for gaseous hydrogen valves used in hydrogen fuelling stations
(hereinafter referred to as "valves").
This document applies to gaseous hydrogen valves used in hydrogen fuelling stations
that meet the following conditions:
a) The ambient temperature is -40℃~60℃;
b) The hydrogen charging pressure does not exceed 70 MPa at 15°C.
2 Normative references
The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this
document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references,
the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.
GB/T 528, Rubber, vulcanized or thermoplastic -- Determination of tensile stress-
strain properties
GB/T 4213, Pneumatic industrial process control valves
GB/T 12220, Industrial valves -- Marking
GB/T 12241, Safety valves -- General requirements
GB/T 14041.1, Hydraulic fluid power -- Filter elements -- Part 1: Verification of
fabrication integrity and determination of the first bubble point
GB/T 14041.3, Hydraulic fluid power -- Filter elements -- Part 3: Verification of
collapse/burst pressure rating
GB/T 14041.4, Hydraulic fluid power -- Filter elements -- Part 4: Method for rated
end load test
GB/T 17486, Hydraulic fluid power -- Filters -- Evaluation of differential pressure
versus flow characteristics
GB/T 17488, Hydraulic fluid power -- Filter elements -- Determination of resistance
to flow fatigue using particulate contaminant
GB/T 18853, Hydraulic fluid power filters -- Multi-pass method for evaluating
filtration performance of a filter element
GB/T 21465, Terminology for valves
GB/T 24499, Technology glossary for gaseous hydrogen, hydrogen energy and
hydrogen energy system
GB/T 32808, Valves -- Model designation method
GB/T 34542.2, Storage and transportation systems for gaseous hydrogen -- Part 2:
Test methods for evaluating metallic material compatibility in hydrogen atmosphere
GB/T 34542.3, Storage and transportation systems for gaseous hydrogen -- Part 3:
Test method for determination of the susceptibility of metallic materials to hydrogen
gas embrittlement (HGE)
GB 50156, Code for design and construction of filling station
GB 50516, Technical code for hydrogen fuelling station
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions defined in GB/T 12241,
GB/T 21465, GB/T 24499 as well as the followings apply.
3.1 nominal size
An alphanumeric dimensional designation for valves, consisting of the letters DN
followed by a dimensionless integer number.
NOTE: This dimensionless number is directly related to characteristic dimensions such as the bore
diameter or outer diameter (expressed in millimeters) of the end fitting. Unless otherwise specified
in the relevant standard, the dimensionless number following DN does not represent a measured
value and shall not be used in calculations.
[Source: GB/T 1047-2019, 2.1, modified]
3.2 check valve
A valve that the opening and closing parts (valve disc) automatically prevent the reverse
flow of the medium with the help of the force of the medium.
3.3 excess flow valve
4.1.2 Valves made of the same material under similar design conditions may not be re-
tested according to the items specified in this document.
4.1.3 In addition to the test items specified in this document, other reliable test methods
can be used to test the service performance of the valve in a high-pressure hydrogen
environment.
4.1.4 The performance of pneumatic control valves shall comply with the requirements
specified in GB/T 4213. Electrically controlled valves shall adopt explosion-proof
electric mechanisms. The selection of explosion-proof grade shall comply with the
requirements specified in GB 50156 and GB 50516.
4.1.5 The valve shall be reliably sealed and clean to prevent internal and external
impurities from contaminating the hydrogen.
4.2 Materials
4.2.1 Valve materials shall consider corrosion resistance, wear resistance, aging
resistance, electrical conductivity, impact strength, heat resistance, low temperature
impact resistance, ultraviolet radiation resistance and hydrogen embrittlement
resistance.
4.2.2 Metal materials shall have good hydrogen compatibility. The test methods shall
be implemented in accordance with the requirements specified in GB/T 34542.2 and
GB/T 34542.3.
4.2.3 Non-metallic materials shall have good hydrogen compatibility. Its fatigue
performance, durability limit and creep strength shall meet the requirements of the
design documents within the design life of the valve.
4.2.4 The service temperature range of non-metallic seal materials shall meet the
requirements of the valve operating temperature. Its tensile strength and elongation after
break shall be measured according to the requirements specified in GB/T 528 and meet
the requirements of the design documents.
4.3 Working pressure level
Working pressure level (HSL) is represented by "H+ value", in MPa. Its relationship
with nominal working pressure (NWP), maximum working pressure (1.25 NWP), and
maximum allowable working pressure (1.375 NWP) is shown in Table 1 .
5.2.3 Test medium
The test medium shall meet the following requirements:
a) The medium for the extreme temperature hydrogen cycle test, leakage test,
overpressure hydrogen cycle test, bending test, non-metal seal test, pre-cooled
hydrogen exposure test, action cycle test, pressure pulse test and opening and
closing cycle test is hydrogen;
b) The medium of hydrostatic test is water;
c) The medium for other tests can be helium, nitrogen or dry clean air.
5.3 Extreme temperature hydrogen cycle test
5.3.1 Test method
Block the valve outlet. Connect the valve inlet to the hydrogen source. The lower limit
of circulating pressure shall not exceed 0.05 times the maximum allowable working
pressure of the valve. The upper limit of circulating pressure shall be within the range
of (1~1.03) times the maximum allowable working pressure of the valve. The frequency
shall not exceed 10 times/min. Valve seals can be replaced after 16,000 pressure cycles.
The test shall be carried out according to the following steps:
a) Normal temperature: At normal temperature, the valve is continuously tested for
100,000 cycles;
b) High temperature: The valve is continuously tested for 1,000 cycles at a test
temperature of no less than 85°C;
c) Low temperature: The valve is continuously tested for 1,000 cycles at a test
temperature not higher than -40°C.
5.3.2 Qualification indicators
The valve shall not leak or rupture within 102,000 pressure cycle tests.
5.4 Leakage test
5.4.1 Test methods
5.4.1.1 Test preparation
Before testing, purge the valve with nitrogen. And seal it at 0.3 times the maximum
allowable working pressure of the valve. For high and low temperature tests, the valve
shall be left to stand at the specified temperature for at least 1 h before the test.
shall comply with the requirements specified in 5.4.2.
5.10 Non-metal seal test
5.10.1 Test method
Block the valve outlet. Connect the valve air inlet to the air source. At normal
temperature, fill with hydrogen to the maximum allowable working pressure of the
valve. After maintaining the pressure for 70 h, the test pressure was quickly reduced to
atmospheric pressure. Afterwards, conduct a leakage test on the valve according to the
test method specified in 5.4.1.
5.10.2 Qualification indicators
Use special leak detection fluid to detect leaks. There shall be no bubbles generated
within the specified test time.
5.11 Precooled hydrogen exposure test
5.11.1 Test method
The test steps are as follows:
a) Fill the valve with pre-cooled hydrogen gas at a temperature not higher than -40°C
at a flow rate of not less than 30 g/s at normal temperature for at least 3 min. After
that, stop inflating for 2 min. Repeat the above operation 10 times;
b) Fill the valve with pre-cooled hydrogen gas at a temperature not higher than -
40°C at a flow rate of not less than 30 g/s at normal temperature for at least 3 min.
After that, stop inflating for 15 minutes. Repeat the above operation 10 times;
c) The valve shall be tested for leakage according to the test method specified in
5.4.1.
NOTE: Only suitable for valves through which pre-cooled hydrogen flows.
5.11.2 Qualification indicators
Use special leak detection fluid for leak detection, and no bubbles shall be generated
within the specified test time.
a) Connect the air inlet and outlet of the overflow valve to the pipeline. The air inlet
pipeline is connected to the air source. The length of the connecting pipeline
between the air inlet and the air outlet is at least 1 m;
b) Before the test, the pressure at the air outlet and air inlet of the overflow valve
shall be atmospheric pressure;
c) Quickly charge hydrogen to the maximum allowable working pressure of the
valve. Then release the pressure to atmospheric pressure. The number of cycles
is 100 times;
d) Fill the hydrogen gas in the opposite flow direction to c) to the maximum
allowable working pressure of the valve. Then release the pressure to atmospheric
pressure. The number of cycles is 100 times;
e) Carry out action cycle test according to the provisions of 7.10.
7.11.2 Qualification indicators
Use special leak detection fluid for leak detection, and no bubbles shall be generated
within the specified test time.
8 Control valves
8.1 Extreme temperature hydrogen cycle test
Carry out extreme temperature hydrogen cycle test in accordance with the provisions
of 5.3.
8.2 External leakage test
Carry out external leakage test according to the test method specified in 5.4.1.2. The
test results shall comply with the requirements specified in 5.4.2.
8.3 Overpressure hydrogen cycle test
Carry out overpressure hydrogen cycle test in accordance with the provisions of 5.5.
8.4 Hydrostatic test
Carry out hydrostatic test in accordance with the provisions of 5.6.
Where,
t - the resting time, in hours (h);
dmax - the maximum diameter of the break away coupling, in millimeters (mm).
9.2.2 Qualification indicators
Use special leak detection fluid to detect leaks, and no bubbles shall be generated within
the specified test time.
9.3 Overpressure hydrogen cycle test
Carry out overpressure hydrogen cycle test in accordance with the provisions of 5.5.
9.4 Hydrostatic test
Carry out hydrostatic test in accordance with the provisions of 5.6.
9.5 Hydraulic strength test
9.5.1 Test method
Carry out the hydraulic strength test of the breakaway valve in accordance with the
following requirements:
a) For the assembled break away coupling: After purging the break away coupling
with nitrogen, seal the outlet of the break away coupling. Apply a hydraulic
pressure of 2.4 times the maximum allowable working pressure of the valve to its
inlet at normal temperature, and maintain the pressure for 3 min;
b) For the input side and output side of the break away coupling: The relief hole on
the output side of the break away coupling shall be blocked. After purging the
input and output sides of the break away coupling with nitrogen, apply a hydraulic
pressure of 2.4 times the maximum allowable working pressure of the valve to
the input and output sides at normal temperature, and maintain the pressure for 5
min.
9.5.2 Qualification indicators
The break away coupling shall not break. When performing a hydraulic strength test on
the assembled break away coupling, if the break away coupling separates during the
pressurization process, and the pressure during separation is not less than 1.5 times the
maximum allowable working pressure of the valve, a clamp shall be used to secure the
input and output sides of the break away coupling. Repeat the hydraulic strength test.
In addition, the assembled break away coupling shall not leak when the test pressure is
gas to not less than 0.8 times the maximum allowable working pressure of the valve.
Allow the manual valve to reach maximum flow and then close the valve. Afterwards,
conduct a leakage test on the manual valve according to the test method specified in
5.4.1.
10.9.2 Qualification indicators
The manual valve shall be able to be completely closed and shall meet the requirements
specified in 5.4.2.
10.10 Open and close cycle test
10.10.1 Test method
At the test temperatures of not higher than -40℃ and not lower than 85℃, follow the
following steps:
a) Connect the air inlet of the manual valve to the air source, and the air outlet to a
ventilated place;
b) Close the manual valve;
c) Fill the hydrogen gas to the maximum allowable working pressure of the valve.
Afterwards, open the valve to relieve pressure to atmospheric pressure;
d) Repeat operations b) and c) 150 times;
e) Carry out leakage test according to the test method specified in 5.4.1.
10.10.2 Qualification indicators
Manual valves shall be free from leakage and rupture.
10.11 Torque cycle test
10.11.1 Test method
Secure the manual valve with a clamp. Use a torque wrench or other device capable of
setting torque to apply 1.5 times the design maximum torque to the closed manual valve
to fully open it. The number of cycles is 20 times. Afterwards, perform a leakage test
on the manual valve according to the test method specified in 5.4.1.
NOTE: This test does not apply to manual ball valves.
10.11.2 Qualification indicators
The manual valve shall not be deformed or broken, and shall meet the requirements
......
 
Source: Above contents are excerpted from the PDF -- translated/reviewed by: www.chinesestandard.net / Wayne Zheng et al.