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GB/T 4214.3-2008 (GB/T4214.3-2008)

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GB/T 4214.3-2008English145 Add to Cart 0-9 seconds. Auto-delivery. Household and similar electrical appliances -- Test code for determination of airborne acoustical noise -- Particular requirements for dishwashers Valid

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GB/T 4214.3-2008: PDF in English (GBT 4214.3-2008)

GB/T 4214.3-2008
ICS 17.140.20
National Standards of People's Republic of China
Household and similar electrical appliances noise test methods
Special requirements for dishwashers
(IEC 60704-2-3..2005 (Ed2.1), IDT)
Released on.2008-12-30
2009-09-01 implementation
General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the People's Republic of China
China National Standardization Administration issued
GB/T 4214 consists of several parts, the first part is the general requirements, the other parts are special requirements.
This part is the third part of GB/T 4214. This part should be in accordance with GB/T 4214.1-2000 "Acoustic household appliances and similar uses.
Instrument noise test method Part 1. General requirements".
This part is equivalent to IEC 60704-2-3..2005 (Ed2.1) "Test methods for noise of household and similar electrical appliances - Part 2-3.
Special requirements for dishwashers.
The section “Applicable” in this section indicates that the corresponding provisions in GB/T 4214.1-2000 apply to this section; this section states
The part of “replacement” shall be subject to the provisions in this part; this part shall state the “increase” part, indicating that in addition to complying with GB/T 4214.1-
In addition to the corresponding provisions in.2000, the provisions added in the provisions of this section must also be complied with.
This part was proposed by the China Light Industry Federation.
This part is under the jurisdiction of the National Household Appliance Standardization Technical Committee.
This section drafted by. China Household Electrical Appliances Research Institute, National Household Appliance Quality Supervision and Inspection Center, Midea Group Co., Ltd.
The main drafters of this section. Lu Jianguo, Song Liqiang, Liang Hongyi, Sun Peng.
IEC Preface
1) The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC ) is an international standardization group composed of all National Electrotechnical Commissions (IEC NC).
Weaving. Its purpose is to promote international cooperation on standardization issues in the electrical and electronic fields. To this end, the IEC
Activities, and publication of international standards, technical specifications, technical reports, publicly available specifications (PAS), guidelines (hereinafter collectively referred to as IEC )
Edition). The development of these standards is entrusted to the technical committees. Any IEC National Committee interested in this technical issue
Can participate in the formulation work. International associations with the IEC , government and non-governmental organizations can also participate in the formulation of standards
The .IEC and the International Organization for Standardization (ISO ) work closely together on the basis of two organizational agreements.
2) The IEC 's formal resolution or agreement on technology is a technical committee system involving all national committees of interest to it.
Therefore, these resolutions or agreements express as much as possible the international consensus on relevant issues.
3) IEC standards are used internationally in a recommended manner and are accepted by national committees in this sense. In order to ensure IEC
The IEC 's method of using its standards and any of the best when making any reasonable effort in the accuracy of the technical content of the publication
The end user's misunderstanding is not responsible.
4) In order to promote international unification, national committees must ensure the maximum use of international standards in their national or regional standards.
Any discrepancies between the IEC standard and the corresponding national or regional standards must be clearly indicated in the latter.
5) The IEC specifies an unmarked procedure that indicates its approval, but does not imply responsibility for a device claiming compliance with a standard.
6) All users should ensure that they have the latest version of this section.
7) IEC or its managers, employees, logisticians or agents (including members of independent experts and technical committees) and IEC countries
The Family Committee shall not be responsible for any personal injury or property caused by the use or reliance on this IEC publication or other IEC publications.
Direct or indirect damages from loss or any other property, or costs other than the publication (including legal fees) and
Expenditure bears responsibility.
8) Attention should be paid to the reference standards (normative references) listed in this section. For proper use of this section, use references
Standards (normative references) are indispensable.
9) It should be noted that certain provisions of this International Standard may relate to the content of the patent, and the IEC will not be responsible for confirming the patent.
International Standard IEC 60704-2-3 by IEC 59th Technical Committee. "Household Appliance Performance", Section 59A Subcommittee "Electric Washing"
The bowl machine is formulated.
This part is based on the second edition of IEC 60704-2-3 (2001) and its addendum 1 (2005), based on the following documents.
FDIS voting report
59A/103/FDIS 59A/106/RVD
59A/120/FDIS 59A/121/RVD
The version number for this section is 2.1.
The French version of this section has not been voted.
This part is drafted in accordance with the ISO /IEC Directive, Part 2.
This part should be in accordance with IEC 60704-1, 2nd edition (1997) "Test methods for noise of household appliances and similar appliances - Part 1.
Use the requirements "for use.
The relevant text in IEC 60704-1 was revised in this section to become the test method for dishwashers.
This section supplements or modifies the corresponding provisions of IEC 60704-1..1997. Where the first part does not specifically mention in this section
The terms should be used as reasonably as possible. This section states “addition”, “modification” or “replacement”, the relevant requirements in the first part, test specifications
And the explanatory content should be modified accordingly.
The terms and graphics added to IEC 60704-1 are numbered starting from 101. The added appendix uses the letters AA, BB, etc.
The committee decided that the content of this basic publication will remain unchanged until it is indicated on the IEC website (http. //webstore.iec.ch)
Change the date of the result. The standard will be.
Replaced by a revised version, or
The test conditions specified in this section provide sufficient accuracy for determining the noise emitted by the appliance and comparing the results of different laboratory tests.
Sex, while simulating the actual use of the dishwasher as much as possible.
To avoid instability caused by foam, the test was carried out using a clean load and without detergent or rinse.
It is recommended to consider the noise level as part of a comprehensive test procedure that includes multiple aspects of the dishwasher's characteristics and performance.
This section considers the noise of water, drainage, pre-washing and intermediate rinsing. Therefore, the operating conditions must be noted during these operations.
This test method only deals with airborne noise.
Household and similar electrical appliances noise test methods
Special requirements for dishwashers
1 range
This chapter in GB/T 4214.1-2000 is applicable except as follows.
1.1 Scope of application
1.1.1 Overview
This section applies to household and similar uses with or without automatic program controllers, hot and/or cold water sources, with water or drainage
The system can be detached or permanently connected, intended to be placed against the wall, embedded or placed on the counter, under the operating surface of the kitchen or under the sink, wall mounted or
A single electric dishwasher placed on the counter.
The limitations of this part of the test method can be found in 1.1.1 of GB/T 4214.1-2000.
1.1.2 Noise Type
GB/T 6881.2, GB/T 6881.3 and GB/T 3767 can be used to test the noise emitted by the dishwasher.
1.1.3 Size of the sound source
The method specified in GB/T 3767 is applicable to sound sources of any size. When using GB/T 6881.2 and GB/T 6881.3,
Note that the maximum size of the dishwasher to be tested must meet the requirements specified in 1.3 of GB/T 6881.2-2002 and GB/T 6881.3-2002.
1.2 Measurement
The requirements for noise indication values are outside the scope of this section.
Note 3. Determine and verify the noise values specified in the product data sheet, see IEC 60704-3.
2 Normative references
The terms in the following documents become the provisions of this part by reference to this part of GB/T 4214. Any dated quotation
All subsequent amendments (not including errata content) or revisions do not apply to this section, however, encouragement is achieved in accordance with this section.
The parties to the agreement study whether the latest version of these documents can be used. For undated references, the latest version applies to this
This chapter in GB/T 4214.1-2000 is applicable except as follows.
GB/T 20290-2006 Household electric dishwasher performance test method
ISO 3055. 1985 Coordinated dimensions for kitchen appliances
3 Terms and definitions
The following terms and definitions apply to this section.
This chapter in GB/T 4214.1-2000 is applicable except as follows.
The operating cycle of the dishwasher starts from the start of the operator and ends when the program indicator reaches the end position.
The total number of tableware and utensils that can be washed and dried by the manufacturer when loaded according to the manufacturer's instructions.
Tableware defined in the dishwasher performance standard.
Note. See Appendix A of GB/T 20290-2006.
The total number of tableware plus the corresponding number of common tableware, which together form the nominal capacity specified by the manufacturer.
It is used in accordance with GB/T 20290 for testing the washing performance, drying performance and power consumption, and the same water consumption.
Note 101. Usually the procedure is recommended by the manufacturer to use common tableware (except cooking utensils) for common contaminated loads.
During this period the load is dried for the operating cycle. Drying begins after the final rinse and the wash pump stops, until the end of the run cycle.
4 Measurement methods and acoustic environment
This chapter in GB/T 4214.1-2000 is applicable except as follows.
4.2 Direct method
Note 101. If there is pure tone component in the noise emitted, appropriate precautions should be taken in accordance with GB/T 6881.3.
4.3 Comparison method
Note 101. If there is pure tone component in the noise emitted, appropriate precautions should be taken in accordance with GB/T 6881.2 and GB/T 6881.3.
5 measuring instruments
This chapter in GB/T 4214.1-2000 is applicable.
6 Operation and setting of the tested instrument
This chapter in GB/T 4214.1-2000 is applicable except as follows.
6.1 Equipment and pre-treatment
6.1.3 Replacement.
Before starting the test, the inner surface of the appliance and the filter should be clean, if any, the container containing the salt should be filled with water.
Use the program specified in 3.104 for at least 2 cycles, with or without load.
6.1.4 Not applicable.
6.2 Power, water or gas source
6.2.2 Not applicable.
6.2.3 Not applicable.
6.2.4 Replacement.
Dishwashers designed for both cold and hot water sources should be supplied with cold water.
Water hardness can be ignored.
For noise testing, if it is not contradictory to the manufacturer's instructions, the water pressure should be (240 ± 50) kPa when entering the water. The cold water temperature should be (15 ±
5) °C, hot water temperature should be (55 ± 5) ° C.
Note. When the water source pressure/temperature is different from the pressure/temperature of the domestic related water source, testing at rated pressure/temperature may mislead the consumer.
Additional tests must be performed. If the test pressure/temperature is different from the rated pressure/temperature, it should be noted in the report.
6.4 Loading and operation of the appliance during the test
6.4.2 Replacement.
At the beginning of the test procedure, the test load shall be dry and at room temperature.
At the beginning of the test procedure, the device under test should be at room temperature.
Appliances shall be operated in accordance with 3.104, loaded according to 3.103. The test shall be loaded with uncontaminated loads, without detergents and rinses.
get on.
If the manufacturer's instructions clearly describe the loading of the rated capacity, it should be carried out according to the instructions; otherwise the principle of 3.103 should be followed.
In the latter case, at least 2 series of tests are carried out. In the second or subsequent series of tests, the load should be reasonably rearranged, as far as possible
Follow the manufacturer's instructions for normal use.
If the dishwasher has a means to adjust the water spray pressure, the water pressure used in the standard test procedure should be adjusted according to the manufacturer's instructions.
Care should be taken to prevent avoidable noise caused by the collision of tableware with water spray or spray arms.
Note. Usually, after running for one cycle, open the door and place it for 3h to cool the appliance.
6.5 Positioning and installation of appliances
6.5.1 Add.
For floor-standing appliances intended to be placed against a wall and appliances placed on the counter or on the table, they shall be placed in accordance with 6.5.3.
6.5.2 Not applicable.
6.5.3 Replacement.
Floor-standing appliances intended to be placed against walls (including cabinets, counters or test housings for appliances embedded or placed under counters)
For testing, a vertical reflecting surface should be used.
When the test is carried out in a laboratory with a rigid wall or in a dedicated reverberation chamber, part of the room wall can be used for this purpose.
The minimum area of a part of the wall shall be determined by the projection of the appliance upwards and on both sides by at least 0.5 m. Any surface of the appliance (cabinet, counter or
Test housing) The minimum distance between the wall closest to the room is 1m.
When the test is carried out in a free-field environment, a vertical reflecting surface (supported by a horizontal reflecting surface) shall be provided. The minimum dimension of the vertical surface shall be
Less than the projection size of the measurement surface.
For both test environments, the following requirements should be met.
● The acoustic absorption coefficient of the vertical reflecting surface should be less than 0.06;
● The appliance should be placed in a test environment without any elastic devices, except on the appliance;
● Care should be taken to avoid any direct contact between the appliance (including projections, top plates, spacers, etc.) and the vertical reflecting surface;
● The distance between the vertical reflecting surface and the appliance should be determined as follows. Let the appliance directly contact the vertical reflecting surface, then move the device
With (10 ± 1) cm.
6.5.5 Replacement.
Instructions for the installation and use of the dishwasher by the dishwasher manufacturer should be followed.
Appliances and manufacturers with non-removable top plates are specified for freely placed appliances and should be placed freely during testing. All other
The appliance shall be placed in the test housing in Figure 101 and the top plate shall be removed, if any.
The front edge of the dishwasher cabinet designed to be embedded (except the door) should be 20mm to 25mm behind the front edge of the test housing.
The manufacturer shall provide the vents accordingly, as required by the manufacturer's instructions.
At the left or right corner of the back of the test housing, a minimum size opening shall be provided, which is sealed with a sealing device to avoid noise
Leakage. This opening is for water supply, power connection and drain. Care should be taken to ensure that no noise generated by the structure propagates to the test housing.
If the appliance is provided with a spacer, a strip of solid or elastic material or other special means for filling the outer contour of the appliance and the inner wall or housing
These gaps should be used accordingly. If such a device is not provided, these gaps remain open.
After the appliance is loaded into the test housing, place it in accordance with 6.5.3.
Appliances intended to be integral shall be installed under the same conditions as the embedded appliance. In addition, the doors of the dishwasher shall be used by the manufacturer.
Indicates that the maximum size of the board, material and thickness allowed by the manufacturer is the same as that of the test housing, see Figure 101.
In addition, the test housing shall be fitted with the maximum height of the wall corresponding to the door of the appliance at a lower position in front of the manufacturer according to the manufacturer's instructions.
The board, material and thickness are the same as the test housing, see Figure 101. If the manufacturer does not give instructions, the above-mentioned skirting board should be close to the wall of the appliance.
Foot board.
7 Sound pressure level measurement
This chapter in GB/T 4214.1-2000 is applicable except as follows.
7.1 Microphone arrangement in the approximate free field above the reflecting surface and the position of the standard sound source (RSS)
7.1.3 Not applicable.
7.1.5~7.1.6 Not applicable.
7.4 Measurement
7.4.1 Add.
Sound pressure level (A weighting) should be the time average of the duration of the entire operating cycle with or without a drying cycle. Final result
It should be the highest value of 2 measurements.
If the noise of the device under test changes periodically, care should be taken to avoid the effects of changes in noise radiation synchronized with the test process (
The movement of the mobile microphone, the time at which the microphone is scanned, etc.).
7.4.4 Not applicable.
8 Calculation of sound pressure level and sound power level
This chapter in GB/T 4214.1-2000 is applicable.
9 Record content
This chapter in GB/T 4214.1-2000 is applicable except as follows.
9.6 Equipment and pretreatment of the tested equipment
9.6.3 Not applicable.
9.7 Power, water, etc.
9.7.2 Not applicable.
9.7.4 Not applicable.
10 Report content
This chapter in GB/T 4214.1-2000 is applicable except as follows.
10.3 Test conditions for appliances
10.3.3 Not applicable.
10.3.5 Not applicable.
= shape + (5 ± 1) mm
In the formula.
Shape---measured width according to 3.4 in ISO 3055. 1985, applicable to appliances;
---Test the internal width of the housing;
Housing material. 19mm thick untreated MDF (sheet) or untreated plywood with a density of (600 ~ 750) kg/m3.
For the opening requirements, see 6.5.5.
Figure 101 Test housing
The appendix of GB/T 4214.1-2000 is applicable except as follows.
Appendix A
(normative appendix)
Standard test bench
This appendix of GB/T 4214.1-2000 does not apply.