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GB/T 41106.6-2021 PDF in English

GB/T 41106.6-2021 (GB/T41106.6-2021, GBT 41106.6-2021, GBT41106.6-2021)
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Standards related to: GB/T 41106.6-2021

GB/T 41106.6-2021: PDF in English (GBT 41106.6-2021)

GB/T 41106.6-2021
ICS 97.200.40
CCS Y 57
Large-scale Amusement Devices - Inspection, Maintenance
and Repair - Part 6: Sort of Virtual Experience Rides
Issued by: State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of the People’s Republic of China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
Introduction ... 4 
1 Scope ... 6 
2 Normative References ... 6 
3 Terms and Definitions ... 6 
4 General Requirements ... 6 
5 Inspection Items and Requirements ... 6 
6 Maintenance ... 9 
7 Repair ... 9 
Appendix A (informative) Inspection Items, Contents, Requirements and Inspection
Modes of Typical Virtual Experience Rides-type Amusement Devices ... 11 
Appendix B (informative) Maintenance Items, Contents and Requirements of Typical
Virtual Experience Rides-type Amusement Devices ... 24 
Appendix C (informative) Commonly Seen Repair Methods and Requirements for
Virtual Experience Rides-type Amusement Devices ... 28 
Bibliography ... 31 
Large-scale Amusement Devices - Inspection, Maintenance
and Repair - Part 6: Sort of Virtual Experience Rides
1 Scope
This document specifies the basic requirements for the inspection, maintenance and repair of
in-use virtual experience rides-type large-scale amusement devices.
This document is applicable to in-use virtual experience rides-type large-scale amusement
devices (hereinafter referred to as virtual experience rides-type amusement devices). The
inspection, maintenance and repair of virtual experience rides-type small-scale amusement
devices may take this as a reference in the implementation.
2 Normative References
The contents of the following documents constitute indispensable clauses of this document
through the normative references in the text. In terms of references with a specified date, only
versions with a specified date are applicable to this document. In terms of references without a
specified date, the latest version (including all the modifications) is applicable to this document.
GB/T 20306 Amusement Devices Terminology
GB/T 41106.1 Large-scale Amusement Devices - Inspection, Maintenance and Repair - Part 1:
GB/T 39080-2020 Specification of Amusement Rides Virtual Experience Facility
3 Terms and Definitions
The terms and definitions defined in GB/T 20306, GB/T 41106.1 and GB/T 39080-2020 are
applicable to this document.
4 General Requirements
In addition to this document, the inspection and maintenance of the virtual experience rides-
type amusement devices shall also comply with the relevant requirements of GB/T 41106.1.
5 Inspection Items and Requirements
5.1 The inspection items, cycles and requirements for the virtual experience rides-type
components, the fastening, wear and weld seam conditions of the frame, the front and
rear axles, and the underframe, as well as the fastening and material damage of the
vehicle connectors;
c) Cruise system: inspect the condition of the cruise ship and the facilities for
embarkation and disembarkation, as well as the working conditions of the power
d) Track and guidance system: inspect the track connecting bolts, surface coating and
weld seam conditions;
e) Supporting structure: inspect the deformation, corrosion and weld seams of the
structural parts, as well as the interference from the surrounding environment;
f) Lifting system: inspect the condition and working conditions of the friction wheels,
wire ropes, chains, gears, counterweights and lifting chain hooks, etc.;
g) Drive (transmission) system: inspect the motors, reducers, open gears, triangle belts,
chain drive, pin gear drive, drive wheels, connecting bolts, couplers and water pumps
for temperature rise, abnormal noise, wear, fastening and working conditions;
h) Hydraulic and pneumatic systems: inspect the hydraulic pipelines, valve groups and
motors for leakage and abnormal noise, as well as air compressors, pressure reducing
valves, air paths and joints, dryers and air source filters for leakage, temperature rise
and working conditions, etc.;
i) Electrical and control system: inspect the condition of power supply, power
transmission and distribution equipment, wires and cables; the system’s compliance
with the requirements in grounding and insulation; the condition and working
conditions of machine rooms, control cabinets, electrical components, control panels,
lightning arresters, sensors, detection switches, leakage protection devices, UPS
power supplies and batteries, etc.;
j) Safety protection devices: inspect the condition and working conditions of braking
devices, anti-reversing devices, anti-collision devices, buffer devices, position limits
and speed limits, etc.;
k) Protection system: inspect the protection measures, such as: platform safety isolation
measures, guiding beacons, safety distance and anti-skid measures; the condition of
safety fences and protective nets;
l) Backup power: inspect the condition and working conditions of backup power units;
m) Auxiliary equipment and facilities: inspect the condition and working conditions of
emergency evacuation passages, high-altitude platforms, maintenance platforms and
lighting, etc., as well as alarm bells, fire protection equipment, video surveillance
systems and emergency rescue equipment;
n) Associated equipment and facilities: inspect the condition and working conditions of
other associated equipment and facilities, such as: special effects, stunts, packaging
and performances, as well as audio systems, projectors, lighting, screens and
industrial personal computers, etc.;
o) Other related special equipment: inspect the compliance of other special equipment,
such as: pressure containers, gas cylinders, hoisting machinery and elevators, with the
national regulatory requirements;
p) Foundation: inspect the fastening of anchor bolts, foundation settlement, rust and
deformation, as well as the condition of the rivers;
q) Guidelines and safety warning signs: inspect the condition of guidelines and safety
warning signs.
5.4 The inspection items, contents, requirements and inspection modes of typical virtual
experience rides-type amusement devices are shown in Appendix A.
6 Maintenance
6.1 The main maintenance items of the virtual experience rides-type amusement devices include,
but are not limited to, the following aspects:
a) In accordance with the specified cycles and methods, lubricate the passenger restraint
devices, track and guidance systems, lifting systems, drive systems, bearings,
important pins, gears and reduction gearboxes; add or replace lubricants;
b) In accordance with the equipment application and maintenance instructions and the
actual application conditions, replace the hydraulic oil and filter element in the
hydraulic and pneumatic systems;
c) Fasten fasteners, such as: loose bolts and anchor bolts, in accordance with the
specified pre-tightening force;
d) Perform necessary dust removal and cleaning on power distribution cabinets, control
cabinets and motors, etc.
6.2 The maintenance items, contents and requirements of typical virtual experience rides-type
amusement devices are shown in Appendix B.
7 Repair
7.1 Before repair, grasp the operation and maintenance instructions of the product, and
understand the structure of the equipment. In accordance with the failures, formulate repair
Appendix C
Commonly Seen Repair Methods and Requirements for Virtual Experience Rides-type
Amusement Devices
C.1 Repair of Hydraulic System
C.1.1 Before the repair of the hydraulic system, in accordance with the design drawings,
formulate a repair scheme; clarify the procedures and steps of disassembly and installation,
necessary tools and equipment for construction, as well as requirements, instruments and
measuring tools for post-repair inspection, etc.
C.1.2 During the installation of the hydraulic pump, the oil inlet pipeline of the hydraulic pump
shall be short and straight, so as to avoid excessive turns and sudden changes in the section.
The oil inlet, oil outlet and rotation direction shall not be reversed. The height of oil absorption
of the various types of pumps shall be not greater than 500 mm. The oil inlet pipeline shall be
reliably sealed, and air shall not be sucked in.
C.1.3 When installing the various hydraulic valves, pay attention to the specific directions of
oil inlet and oil return. Generally, the direction control valve shall ensure that the axis is
horizontally installed. For valve parts with two identical function holes, block the unused hole
after installation; when installing plate-type components, before installation, the sealing ring
shall protrude from the installation plane. For flange-mounted valves, the screws shall be
properly tightened to prevent poor sealing.
C.1.4 When installing the hydraulic cylinder, the center line of the hydraulic cylinder shall be
coaxial with the action line of the load force, and the pin hole at the end of the piston rod shall
be in the same direction as the earring pin hole (or trunnion).
C.1.5 During the installation of the hydraulic motor, the type and installation requirements of
the coupler between the hydraulic motor and the driven device shall comply with the regulations
of the original manufacturer.
C.1.6 After the installation of the hydraulic system is completed, carry out the withstand voltage
test. The pressure test adopts a classification test, and the test pressure is 1.5 ~ 2 times the
commonly used pressure of the system. During the test, pumps, servo valves, proportional
valves, pressure sensors, pressure relays and accumulators in the system shall be disconnected.
C.1.7 Conduct a trial run with no load. Firstly, intermittently actuate the hydraulic pump; the
hydraulic cylinder or hydraulic motor reciprocates many times. Open the system exhaust valve
to exhaust; slowly adjust the relief valve to the specified pressure value; check whether there is
any abnormality during the adjustment process. After a certain period of no-load operation,
check the temperature rise for 30 min.
C.1.8 Conduct a trial run with a certain load. The hydraulic system works under the load
specified in the design. Check whether the system satisfies the pre-determined work
requirements; check whether the noise and vibration are within the allowable ranges; inspect
the stability of the operation of the working parts and the temperature rise. The temperature rise
shall comply with the requirements of GB 8408. Overvoltage protection shall not exceed 1.2
times the rated working pressure. The trial run with a certain load shall be firstly carried out
under a low load.
C.1.9 When the temperature is excessively low, the hydraulic station shall be preheated first.
After the oil temperature satisfies the conditions, enter the operating state.
C.2 Repair of Weld Defects
C.2.1 The weld defects of the rotatory arms and cylinder supports of the virtual experience
rides-type large-scale amusement devices are repaired by welding, and mainly through the
mode of repair welding, with the purpose of repairing cracks and compensating for wear. The
selection of welding materials, process, inspection and repair shall comply with the design
documents and the stipulations of GB 8408, so as to control the welding quality.
C.2.2 For on-site welding, in accordance with the qualified welding processes and evaluation
reports, the welding process shall be formulated. In addition, the welding shall be performed
strictly in accordance with the welding process. If necessary, welding process specimens shall
be produced on the site and pass the evaluation. On-site welding operation shall not be
performed on the parts where on-site repair welding is not allowed in the design documents.
C.2.3 When one of the following circumstances occurs on the site of welding, corresponding
protection measures shall be taken to satisfy the welding requirements, otherwise, welding shall
not be performed:
a) wind speed: for gas shielded welding, greater than 2 m/s; for other welding methods,
greater than 10 m/s;
b) relative humidity: greater than 90%;
c) rain and snow environment;
d) weldment temperature is lower than -10 C.
C.2.4 For long-distance welding (above 20 m) on the construction site, the length of cable
extension shall be compatible with the cable diameter (cross-sectional area); the cables cannot
be used in coils during operation. Before welding, the welding machine shall be debugged to
ensure that the output voltage of the welding cable is consistent with the value displayed on the
voltmeter of the welding machine.
C.2.5 The welding process shall have welding records. After welding, in accordance with the
requirements of the design documents and relevant standards, conduct non-destructive testing
or tests to ensure that the welding quality complies with the requirements.
Source: Above contents are excerpted from the PDF -- translated/reviewed by: www.chinesestandard.net / Wayne Zheng et al.