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GB/T 41106.1-2021 (GB/T41106.1-2021)

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GB/T 41106.1-2021: PDF in English (GBT 41106.1-2021)
GB/T 41106.1-2021
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 97.200.40
CCS Y 57
Large-scale Amusement Devices - Inspection, Maintenance
and Repair - Part 1: General
ISSUED ON: DECEMBER 31, 2021
IMPLEMENTED ON: JULY 1, 2022
Issued by: State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of the People’s Republic of China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
Introduction ... 4 
1 Scope ... 6 
2 Normative References ... 6 
3 Terms and Definitions ... 6 
4 General Requirements ... 7 
4.1 Basic Principles ... 7 
4.2 Instructions for Inspection and Maintenance ... 7 
4.3 Inspection and Maintenance System ... 9 
4.4 Inspection and Maintenance Scheme ... 9 
4.5 Inspection and Maintenance Personnel ... 10 
4.6 Management of Inspection and Maintenance Instruments and Equipment ... 11 
4.7 Requirements for Operation Safety ... 11 
5 Inspection ... 12 
5.1 Inspection Items ... 12 
5.2 Inspection Types and Cycles ... 12 
5.3 Modes of Inspection ... 13 
5.4 Inspection Result Evaluation ... 13 
5.5 Comprehensive Health Evaluation ... 13 
6 Maintenance ... 14 
7 Repair ... 14 
Bibliography ... 16 
Large-scale Amusement Devices - Inspection, Maintenance
and Repair - Part 1: General
1 Scope
This document specifies the basic principles and requirements for the inspection, maintenance
and repair of in-use large-scale amusement devices.
This document is applicable to in-use large-scale amusement devices (hereinafter referred to as
amusement devices). The inspection, maintenance and repair of small-scale amusement devices
may also take this as a reference in the implementation.
2 Normative References
The contents of the following documents constitute indispensable clauses of this document
through the normative references in the text. In terms of references with a specified date, only
versions with a specified date are applicable to this document. In terms of references without a
specified date, the latest version (including all the modifications) is applicable to this document.
GB 8408 Large-scale Amusement Device Safety Code
GB/T 20306 Amusement Devices Terminology
GB/T 30220 Amusement Device Safety Use Management
GB/T 39417 Health Management of Large-scale Amusement Device
3 Terms and Definitions
What is defined in GB/T 20306 and GB/T 39417, and the following terms and definitions are
applicable to this document.
3.1 Inspection
Inspection refers to the application organization’s activities of macro inspection, parameter
measurement, non-destructive testing, performance verification and condition monitoring of
the in-use amusement devices.
3.2 Maintenance
Maintenance refers to the activities of system debugging, replacement of quick-wear parts,
tightening of connecting parts, equipment dust removal, equipment lubrication and equipment
anti-corrosion that are regularly carried out on the equipment or for abnormal conditions found
in inspections, without changing the main structure or performance parameters of the
amusement devices.
3.3 Repair
Repair refers to the activities of replacement and repair of parts (except for the replacement of
quick-wear parts) to restore the original performance for abnormal conditions found in
equipment inspection, without changing the main structure or performance parameters of the
amusement devices.
4 General Requirements
4.1 Basic Principles
4.1.1 In addition to satisfying the requirements of this document, the inspection and
maintenance of the in-use amusement devices shall also comply with the relevant requirements
of GB 8408 and GB/T 30220.
4.1.2 The inspection and maintenance of the in-use amusement devices is an important link of
the health management system throughout its life cycle. The main contents of health
management include: determination of health indicators, health monitoring, health evaluation
and health recovery, etc.; the requirements shall be implemented in accordance with GB/T
39417. The inspection specified in this document is a main means of health monitoring, and
maintenance and repair are the main measures of health recovery.
4.1.3 The application organization of the in-use amusement devices shall establish an inspection
and maintenance system, formulate schemes for equipment inspection and maintenance,
allocate qualified inspection and maintenance personnel, and carry out corresponding
inspection and maintenance operations in accordance with the specified procedures and
requirements.
4.1.4 The application organization of the amusement devices are encouraged to establish an
information management system for inspection and maintenance to conduct statistics and
analysis of inspection and maintenance-related data and provide support for equipment health
management.
4.2 Instructions for Inspection and Maintenance
4.2.1 The construction organization of the amusement devices shall provide the application
organization with instructions for the application, inspection and maintenance of the sold
equipment. In accordance with the structural characteristics, movement form and operating
parameters of the equipment, and possible risks during the application, the construction
organization shall propose items and indicators of the health management, inspection and
maintenance of the equipment.
4.2.2 The instructions for inspection and maintenance provided by the construction organization
k) Safety protection devices and measures: including inspection and adjustment
requirements for devices and systems, such as: braking, anti-reverse, anti-collision,
position limit, speed limit, wind and lightning protection, etc.;
l) Fundamental and auxiliary equipment and facilities: including inspection
requirements for anchor bolts, foundation settlement, corrosion and deformation;
inspection requirements for auxiliary equipment and facilities, such as: emergency
rescue equipment, emergency passages, maintenance platforms, monitoring and
surveillance systems, etc.;
m) Lubrication: including filling cycle, filling methods and requirements, and clearing
requirements for each lubrication point; clearly indicated lubricating oil (or grease)
designations that shall be filled to each lubrication point, as well as a list of
replacement designations under different conditions;
n) Non-destructive testing: including the proportion, timing and requirements for non-
destructive testing.
4.2.3 The construction organization should provide video training materials on the inspection
and maintenance, or adopt the mode of on-site teaching, so as to provide convenience for the
application organization to master the methods and requirements for equipment inspection and
maintenance.
4.3 Inspection and Maintenance System
4.3.1 The application organization shall establish a special inspection and maintenance
management system to strengthen the quality control of the inspection and maintenance process
of amusement devices, and ensure the safety of the application of amusement devices.
4.3.2 In accordance with the requirements of relevant national laws and regulations, safety
technical specifications and standards, and in light of its own situation, the application
organization shall formulate documents including relevant procedures for the inspection and
maintenance of amusement devices, operation instructions (operating procedures) and record
sheets (cards), and specifically specify the overall management requirements for the inspection
and maintenance, the responsibilities and labor division of relevant personnel involved, work
flow, inspection and maintenance cycle and contents, repair requirements and technical files.
4.3.3 The application organization shall implement the established inspection and maintenance
system and the various requirements for the amusement devices, and make necessary revisions
to the inspection and maintenance system and relevant documents for the problems found in
the implementation process.
4.4 Inspection and Maintenance Scheme
4.4.1 The application organization shall formulate a specialized inspection and maintenance
scheme for each amusement device, and clarify the relevant personnel responsible for the
equipment inspection and maintenance, as well as preparations before operation, organization
and implementation procedures, inspection and maintenance items and methods, repair
procedures and requirements, safety education and protective measures, so as to ensure the safe
and smooth implementation of equipment inspection and maintenance operations.
4.4.2 In accordance with its own management requirements, and the requirements of the
application, inspection and maintenance materials provided by the construction organization,
the application organization shall determine the inspection and maintenance items, methods and
cycles of the equipment.
4.4.3 If there is an accident with the same category of or similar amusement devices in China
and foreign countries, the application organization shall promptly review the relevant content
of the inspection and maintenance scheme in accordance with the causes of the accident, and
make revisions if necessary.
4.4.4 All inspections, maintenance and repairs of the amusement devices shall be recorded and
properly kept as the equipment archives of the amusement devices. The records shall be kept
until the amusement devices are scrapped.
4.4.5 The items, contents and requirements of inspection and maintenance in the inspection and
maintenance scheme may be formulated with reference to GB/T 41106.2 ~ 41106.6.
4.5 Inspection and Maintenance Personnel
4.5.1 The application organization shall appoint a technical director in charge of the inspection
and maintenance. Each set of amusement device shall allocate a person in charge of equipment
inspection and maintenance. In addition, inspection, maintenance and repair operating
personnel that satisfy the demands shall also be allocated.
4.5.2 If the relevant national laws and administrative regulations have qualification
requirements for the personnel specified in 4.5.1, the corresponding qualifications shall be
obtained.
4.5.3 The application organization shall regularly conduct professional trainings and safety
education for the inspection, maintenance and repair operating personnel of the amusement
devices. The personnel may take up their posts after passing the assessment. The contents of
the trainings shall at least include the following aspects:
a) For the application organization’s technical directors in charge of the inspection and
maintenance, and persons in charge of equipment inspection and maintenance, the
trainings include relevant laws and regulations of amusement devices, safety technical
specifications and standards, health management, the organization’s inspection and
maintenance management requirements, and safe operation, etc.;
b) For the inspection, maintenance and repair operating personnel, the trainings include
relevant laws and regulations of amusement devices, safety standards, requirements
of the organization’s inspection and maintenance management system and relevant
operation guidance documents, and safe operation, etc.
5 Inspection
5.1 Inspection Items
5.1.1 For newly manufactured amusement devices, the construction organization shall propose
comprehensive, reasonably and appropriate health indicators for the amusement devices in
accordance with the characteristics of different categories and types of products, and the
principles and methods specified in GB/T 39417. In addition, the construction organization
shall determine the inspection items, cycles and requirements of the equipment, which are
reflected in the inspection and maintenance instructions required in 4.2.
5.1.2 For in-use amusement devices, the application organization shall confirm the
corresponding health indicators, inspection items and requirements in accordance with the
inspection and maintenance instructions provided by the construction organization, combined
with its own experience in the operation and application management of amusement devices,
and convert them into its own inspection and maintenance guidance documents.
5.1.3 After an amusement device fails, in accordance with the specific condition of the failure,
necessary inspection items shall be determined. The inspection items shall be compatible to the
scope and degree of influence caused by the failure. Before the amusement device is activated
again after being deactivated, the inspection items shall be determined in accordance with the
characteristics of the equipment.
5.1.4 For the problems found during the application and inspection of the amusement devices,
the application organization may give feedback and communicate with the equipment
construction organization, and make necessary adjustments to the inspection items through
negotiation between the two parties.
5.2 Inspection Types and Cycles
5.2.1 In accordance with the inspection cycle and frequency, the inspection carried out by the
application organization on the in-use amusement devices is divided into regular inspection,
specialized inspection and real-time monitoring.
5.2.2 Regular inspection generally includes daily inspection, weekly inspection, monthly
inspection and annual inspection. For amusement devices with the function of automatically
recording the number of operations, the frequency of regular inspection may be determined in
accordance with the number of operations. Specialized inspection includes special inspection
conducted before holidays and large-scale mass activities, or after natural disasters. Real-time
monitoring is dynamic and continuous measurement, recording and early warning of relevant
parameters during equipment operation through state monitoring technology and means.
5.2.3 When an amusement device fails, the application organization shall find out the cause of
the failure, conduct a comprehensive inspection of the relevant components or the system, and
if necessary, increase the frequency of inspection.
5.2.4 The application organization shall conduct targeted inspections and promptly deal with
problems found in third-party inspections (including regular inspections, etc.), as well as known
accidents or failures of the same category of equipment in China and foreign countries.
5.3 Modes of Inspection
The modes of inspection include macro inspection, parameter measurement, non-destructive
testing, performance verification and condition monitoring, etc. Among them, the specific
detection methods involved in macro inspection, parameter measurement and performance
verification shall be carried out with reference to the requirements of GB/T 20050.
NOTE 1: macro inspection refers to the inspection personnel’s utilization of sense organs (if
necessary, assisted by measuring tools and instruments) to inspect the surface corrosion,
mechanical damage, deformation and cracking of the main structural parts of the
equipment, the operating stability, noise and temperature rise of the main transmission
components, and the effectiveness of safety protection devices, etc.
NOTE 2: parameter measurement refers to the measurement of technical parameters, such as:
operating time, structural geometric parameters, safety distance and temperature of
amusement devices.
NOTE 3: for non-destructive testing, select the corresponding testing method in accordance with
the actual demands, and implement in accordance with the application principles, testing
methods and process regulations specified in GB/T 34370 (all parts).
NOTE 4: performance verification includes dynamic performance verification, safety function
verification and necessary load test, etc.
NOTE 5: for condition monitoring, select the corresponding monitoring method in accordance with
the actual demands, and implement in accordance with the principles, methods and
procedures specified in GB/T 36668 (all parts).
5.4 Inspection Result Evaluation
For each inspection item, a result of compliance with the standard or specified requirements
shall be provided, which is generally expressed as “qualified” / “disqualified”, “conforming” /
“non-conforming”. In addition, in accordance with the criteria and methods specified in GB/T
39417, the health level of individual indicators shall be provided.
5.5 Comprehensive Health Evaluation
The application organization shall conduct a comprehensive health evaluation of the entire
amusement device in accordance with the evaluation results of the inspection items. The
methods and requirements for the health evaluation shall comply with GB/T 39417.
......
 
(Above excerpt was released on 2022-04-20, modified on 2022-04-20, translated/reviewed by: Wayne Zheng et al.)
Source: https://www.chinesestandard.net/PDF.aspx/GBT41106.1-2021