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GB/T 40711.4-2021 PDF in English


GB/T 40711.4-2021 (GB/T40711.4-2021, GBT 40711.4-2021, GBT40711.4-2021)
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GB/T 40711.4-2021: PDF in English (GBT 40711.4-2021)

GB/T 40711.4-2021
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 43.020
CCS T 40
Off-cycle technology/device energy saving effects
evaluation methods for passenger cars - Part 4:
Regenerative braking system
ISSUED ON: OCTOBER 11, 2021
IMPLEMENTED ON: MAY 01, 2022
Issued by: State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of the People’s Republic of
China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
Introduction ... 4 
1 Scope ... 6 
2 Normative references ... 6 
3 Terms and definitions ... 7 
4 General requirements ... 7 
5 Test procedures ... 8 
6 Test results ... 8 
Appendix A (Normative) Regenerative braking system test report ... 11 
Appendix B (Normative) Regenerated energy test method ... 15 
Appendix C (Normative) Ideal cycling energy calculation ... 17 
References ... 18 
Off-cycle technology/device energy saving effects
evaluation methods for passenger cars - Part 4:
Regenerative braking system
1 Scope
This document specifies the energy saving effects evaluation methods of the
regenerative braking system for passenger cars.
This document applies to M1 vehicles with a regenerative braking system, of
which the maximum design gross mass does not exceed 3 500 kg.
This document applies to vehicles capable of burning gasoline or diesel, not to
externally rechargeable hybrid electric vehicles.
2 Normative references
The contents of the following documents constitute the indispensable clauses
of this document through normative references in the text. For dated references,
only the version corresponding to that date is applicable to this document; for
undated references, the latest version (including all amendments) is applicable
to this document.
GB 18352.6-2016, Limits and measurement methods for emissions from
light-duty vehicles (CHINA 6)
GB/T 19233-2020, Measurement methods of fuel consumption for light-duty
vehicles
GB 19578, Fuel consumption limits for passenger cars
GB/T 19596, Terminology of electric vehicles
GB/T 19753-2021, Test methods for energy consumption of light-duty hybrid
electric vehicles
GB 27999, Fuel consumption evaluation methods and targets for passenger
cars
4.5 Test the regenerative braking system in accordance with the requirements
of Chapter 5; record the test vehicle parameters and test data in accordance
with the provisions of Appendix A. Calculate the energy saving effects according
to the requirements of Chapter 6; express the calculation result in liters per 100
kilometers (L/100 km); round (round up) to two decimal places.
5 Test procedures
5.1 Test requirements
5.1.1 If the vehicle is equipped with other energy-saving devices that can be
manually turned on and off, the switch shall be turned off during the test.
5.1.2 For NOVC-HEV, the vehicle shall be pretreated according to C.3.2 in GB/T
19753-2021. The state of charge (SOC) of the REESS of other vehicles shall
be set according to the value recommended by the automobile manufacturer
and recorded in the test report; the SOC shall be adjusted to the value
recommended by the automobile manufacturer before each test starts.
5.1.3 The measured current sampling frequency shall not be lower than 20 Hz.
5.1.4 In order to use external equipment to measure the current and voltage of
all motor terminals involved in the braking energy recovery, an appropriate, safe
and accessible connection point shall be provided on the vehicle.
5.2 Test methods
5.2.1 The automobile manufacturer shall provide the working principle of the
regenerative braking system to the testing agency, and measure the
regenerated energy according to the method that is specified in Appendix B.
5.2.2 Calculate the ideal cycling energy of the vehicle under the World Light
Vehicle Test Cycle (WLTC) and the China light-duty vehicle test cycle-
passenger (CLTC-P) that are specified in 4.3 of GB/T 19233-2020 in
accordance with Appendix C.
6 Test results
6.1 Test result of energy saving effects of the regenerative braking system
The test result of energy saving effects of the regenerative braking system is
calculated according to Formula (1).
Appendix B
(Normative)
Regenerated energy test method
B.1 Before the test, it shall be preheated by running at least one WLTC or CLTC-
P on the chassis dynamometer. The selection of the test cycle during the
preheating process shall be consistent with the test specified in B.2.
B.2 Test the vehicle under WLTC and CLTC-P respectively according to the
requirements of 6.1, 6.2 and 6.4 in GB/T 19233-2020. During the test, measure
and record, in real time, the current I (A) and the voltage U (V) of busbars of all
motor terminals involved in the braking energy recovery; carry out the test three
times in total. The 3 tests shall be carried out continuously, so as to keep the
vehicle in a fully preheated state; otherwise, it shall be preheated again in
accordance with B.1.
B.3 After one test and before the next one, the SOC shall be confirmed or
adjusted according to the requirements of 5.1.2.
B.4 The regenerated energy shall be calculated according to Formula (B.1):
Where:
EN – the regenerated energy of the vehicle when it is tested according to WLTC
or CLTC-P, in watt-hours (W·h);
k – the serial number of the motor that is involved in the braking energy recovery;
n – the number of motors that are involved in the braking energy recovery;
t0 – the moment when the test starts, in seconds (s);
tend – the moment when the test ends, in seconds (s);
Ik – the feedback current of the motor terminal busbar whose serial number is
k, which is involved in the braking energy recovery during the deceleration
process, in amperes (A);
Uk – the voltage of the motor terminal whose number is k, which is involved in
the braking energy recovery, in volts (V);
......
 
Source: Above contents are excerpted from the PDF -- translated/reviewed by: www.chinesestandard.net / Wayne Zheng et al.