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GB/T 40521.2-2021 PDF in English

GB/T 40521.2-2021 (GB/T40521.2-2021, GBT 40521.2-2021, GBT40521.2-2021)
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GB/T 40521.2-2021: PDF in English (GBT 40521.2-2021)

GB/T 40521.2-2021
ICS 43.020
CCS T 41
Passenger cars test track for a severe lane-change
manoeuvre - Part 2: Obstacle avoidance
(ISO 3888-2:2011, Passenger cars - Test track for a severe lane-change
manoeuvre - Part 2: Obstacle avoidance, MOD)
Issued by: State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of the People’s Republic of
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
Introduction ... 5 
1 Scope ... 6 
2 Normative references ... 6 
3 Terms and definitions ... 6 
4 Specification details ... 6 
Appendix A (Informative) Test method ... 10 
References ... 13 
This document was drafted in accordance with the rules given in GB/T 1.1-2020,
Directives for standardization - Part 1: Rules for the structure and drafting of
standardizing documents.
This document is part 2 of GB/T 40521 "Passenger cars test track for a severe
lane-change manoeuvre". The following parts have been released for GB/T
-- Part 1: Double lane-change;
-- Part 2: Obstacle avoidance.
This document uses the redrafting method to modify and adopt ISO 3888-
2:2011 "Passenger cars - Test track for a severe lane-change manoeuvre - Part
2: Obstacle avoidance".
The technical differences between this document and ISO 3888-2:2011, and
the reasons are as follows:
-- With regard to the normative references, this document makes technical
adjustments to adapt to the technical documents of China. The
adjustments are concentrated in Chapter 2 “Normative references”. The
specific adjustments are as follows:
● Remove the reference to ISO 3833:1977;
● Add a reference to GB/T 3730.3 (see Chapter 3).
The following editorial changes have been made for this document:
-- Change the standard name;
-- Add the reference to GB/T 3730.1.
Please note that some of the contents of this document may involve patents.
The issuing organization of this document is not responsible for identifying
This document was proposed by the Ministry of Industry and Information
Technology of the People's Republic of China.
This document shall be under the jurisdiction of National Technical Committee
of Auto Standardization (SAC/TC 114).
Passenger cars test track for a severe lane-change
manoeuvre - Part 2: Obstacle avoidance
1 Scope
This document specifies the size of the test track for the closed-loop test of
severe lane-change manoeuvre for subjective evaluation of the obstacle
avoidance ability of passenger cars.
This document applies to passenger cars that are defined in GB/T 3730.1; it
can be implemented by reference for other types of vehicles whose total mass
is no more than 3.5 t.
2 Normative references
The contents of the following documents constitute the indispensable clauses
of this document through normative references in the text. For dated references,
only the version corresponding to that date is applicable to this document; for
undated references, the latest version (including all amendments) is applicable
to this document.
GB/T 3730.3, Motor vehicles and towed vehicles - Dimensions of vehicles -
Terms and definitions
3 Terms and definitions
Terms and definitions determined by GB/T 3730.3 and the following ones are
applicable to this document.
Vehicle width
Vehicle width, excluding the rearview mirror.
4 Specification details
4.1 Obstacle avoidance test track size
Appendix A 
Test method
A.1 Severe lane-change manoeuvre of obstacle avoidance
A.1.1 Principle
The severe lane-change manoeuvre of obstacle avoidance is a dynamic
evaluation method. The process is to drive the vehicle from the initial lane to
the adjacent parallel lane quickly, and then back to the original lane, during
which the vehicle shall not exceed the lane boundary.
The purpose of this operation is to enable the vehicle to alternately generate
higher lateral acceleration, so as to evaluate the lateral dynamics of the vehicle.
A.1.2 Some characteristics for evaluating lane-keeping ability
The severe lane-change manoeuvre of obstacle avoidance is used to assess
the vehicle's ability to avoid an obstacle suddenly in front of it. The driver can
select the vehicle driving path in the set test track.
For the performance of the "person-vehicle-road" system in actual driving, this
kind of preview control is a very important evaluation method. After selecting a
suitable driving path, the driver can repeat driving on this path at a certain
degree of accuracy.
A.1.3 Limitations
This test is a closed-loop test. The driver's control strategy will have a significant
impact on the test results. Objective measurement of vehicle dynamics-related
performance should not be performed; only subjective evaluation is
Due to the difference in the driving path of the vehicle during each measurement,
the vehicle speed obtained from multiple tests will appear obvious dispersion.
Even if the longitudinal control process of the vehicle (i.e., releasing the
accelerator at 2 m in section 1) is strictly limited, more consistent vehicle speed
data cannot be obtained. Therefore, classification shall not be based on vehicle
speed, and the minimum vehicle speed for testing shall not be specified.
A.1.4 Conclusion
Source: Above contents are excerpted from the PDF -- translated/reviewed by: www.chinesestandard.net / Wayne Zheng et al.