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GB/T 37568-2019 (GB/T37568-2019)

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GB/T 37568-2019: PDF in English (GBT 37568-2019)
GB/T 37568-2019
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 77.150.30
H 62
Tin-Plated Copper and Copper Alloy Strip
ISSUED ON: JUNE 04, 2019
IMPLEMENTED ON: MAY 01, 2020
Issued by: State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of PRC.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 4
2 Normative References ... 4
3 Terms and Definitions ... 5
4 Technical Requirements ... 6
5 Test Methods ... 14
6 Inspection Rules ... 16
7 Marking, Package, Transportation, Storage and Quality Certificate ... 18
8 Ordering Form (or Contract) Contents ... 19
Appendix A (Normative) Test Method for Weldability of Tin-Plated Copper and
Copper Alloy Strip – Vertical-Dip Method ... 20
Appendix B (Normative) Coating Thickness Measurement of Tin-Plated
Copper and Copper Alloy Strip – X-Ray Method ... 23
Tin-Plated Copper and Copper Alloy Strip
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the terms and definitions, technical requirements, test
methods, inspection rules, marking, package, transportation, storage, quality
certificate and ordering form (or contract) contents for tin-plated copper and copper
alloy strip.
This Standard is applicable to the tin-plated copper and copper alloy strip for
manufacturing the high-end automotive connectors and precision electronic industrial
devices (hereinafter referred to as tin-plated strip).
2 Normative References
The following documents are essential to the application of this document. For the
dated documents, only the versions with the dates indicated are applicable to this
document; for the undated documents, only the latest version (including all the
amendments) are applicable to this document.
GB/T 351 Metallic Materials - Resistivity Measurement Method
GB/T 728-2010 Ingot Tin
GB/T 3131-2001 Tin-Lead Solder
GB/T 4340.1 Metallic Materials - Vickers Hardness Test - Part 1: Test Method
GB/T 5121 (all parts) Methods for Chemical Analysis of Copper and Copper Alloys
GB/T 5231 Designation and Chemical Composition of Wrought Copper and
Copper Alloys
GB/T 6461 Methods for Corrosion Testing of Metallic and Other Inorganic Coatings
on Metallic Substrates - Rating of Test Specimens and Manufactured Articles
Subjected to Corrosion Tests
GB/T 8170 Rules of Rounding off for Numerical Values & Expression and
Judgement of Limiting Values
GB/T 8888 Wrought Heavy Non-Ferrous Metal Products - Packing, Marking,
Transporting and Storing
GB/T 9286 Paints and Varnishes – Cross Cut Test for Films
GB/T 26303.3 Measuring Methods for Dimensions and Shapes of Wrought Copper
and Copper Alloys - Part 3: Sheets and Strips
GB/T 32791 Electromagnetic (Eddy-Current) Examination Method for Electrical
Conductivity of Copper and Copper Alloys
GB/T 34505-2017 Copper and Copper Alloy Materials - Tensile Testing at Room
Temperature
YS/T 482 Method for Analysis of Copper and Copper Alloys - The Atomic Emission
Spectrometry
YS/T 483 Methods for Analysis of Copper and Copper Alloys - X-Ray
Fluorescence Spectrometric (Wavelength Dispersive)
YS/T 668 Sampling Method of Physical and Chemical Testing for Copper and
Copper Alloys
YS/T 815 Preparation Method of Test Pieces for Mechanical and Technological
Properties of Copper and Copper Alloys
3 Terms and Definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1 Tin plating strip
The strip that uses electrochemical principal or physical means to attach a tin metal
layer with uniform thickness on the surface of copper and copper alloy strip.
3.2 Reflow electro-tinning strips; RFSn
After the matt tin plating treatment, the copper and copper alloy strips are subjected to
the reflow surface treatment to form a tin plating strip with tin-layer of a glassy and
smooth surface.
3.3 Hot-dip tinning strips; HDSn
The tin plating strip that make the copper and copper alloy strip to smelt tin through
dipping method; and plate the tin layer with the same thickness on both sides of the
copper and copper alloy strip.
The chemical composition analysis of the base metal of tin plating strip shall be carried
out as per the provisions of GB/T 5121 (all parts) or YS/T 482 or YS/T 483; while the
arbitration shall be carried out as per the provisions of GB/T 5121 (all parts).The
chemical composition analysis of the tin raw material of hot-dip tinning strip shall be
carried out as per the provisions of GB/T 728-2010. The chemical composition analysis
of the tin raw material of reflow electro-tinning strip shall be determined through the
negotiation between the supplier and the purchaser.
5.2 Appearance dimension and its allowable deviation
5.2.1 The tests on the base metal and appearance dimension of tin plating strip shall
be carried out as per the provisions of GB/T 26303.3.
5.2.2 The thickness measurement of tin plating layer shall be carried out as per the
Appendix B.
5.3 Mechanical properties
The tensile test of base metal of tin plating strip shall be carried out as per the
provisions of GB/T 34505-2017; the specimen number shall be P4 in Table 3 of GB/T
34505-2017. The Vickers hardness test shall be carried out as per the provisions of
GB/T 4340.1.
5.4 Electrical properties
The electrical property test of base metal of tin plating strip shall be carried out as per
the provisions of GB/T 351 or GB/T 32791; while the arbitration test shall be carried
out as per the provisions of GB/T 351.
5.5 Weldability
The weldability test of the tin plating strip shall be carried out as per the provisions of
Appendix A.
5.6 Adhesion
The coating adhesion test of the tin plating strip shall be carried out as per the
provisions of GB/T 9286 or as per the method agreed between the supplier and the
purchaser.
5.7 Oxidation resistance
The oxidation resistance test of the tin plating strip shall be carried out as per the
provisions of GB/T 6461.
5.8 Surface quality
Tin
plating
strip
Coating thickness, width
and allowable deviation,
side curvature
Roll by roll
4.3.2
4.3.3
4.3.4
5.2
Weldability
Take any 2 rolls from each batch;
take any 1 specimen from each
roll
4.6 5.5
Adhesion
Take any 2 rolls from each batch;
take any 1 specimen from each
roll
4.7 5.6
Oxidation resistance
Take any 2 rolls from each batch;
take any 1 specimen from each
roll
4.8 5.7
Surface quality Roll by roll 4.9 5.8
6.5 Judgment of inspection results
6.5.1 The value of the inspection result shall be rounded off as per the provisions of
GB/T 8170; and shall be judged by the rounding-off value comparison method.
6.5.2 When the chemical composition of the baes metal of the tin plating strip is
unqualified, then such batch of strip shall be judged to be unqualified.
6.5.3 When the base metal, appearance size and its allowable deviation of tin plating
strip is unqualified, then such roll of strips shall be judged to be unqualified.
6.5.4 When the mechanical property and electrical property inspection results of the
base metal of tin plating strip are unqualified, then take double quantities of specimens
from such batch of strips (including that roll of strips that are unqualified in the original
inspection) for reinspection; if all the reinspection results are qualified, then the whole
batch shall be judged to be qualified. If there is still unqualified item in the reinspection,
then such batch of strips shall be judged to be unqualified.
6.5.5 When the weldability, adhesion, and oxidation resistance inspection results of tin
plating strip are unqualified, then take double quantities of specimens from such batch
of strips (including that roll of strips that are unqualified in the original inspection) for
reinspection; if all the reinspection results are qualified, then the whole batch shall be
judged to be qualified. If there is still unqualified item in the reinspection, then such
batch of strips shall be judged to be unqualified; or supplier inspect roll by roll, only the
qualified can be delivered.
6.5.6 When the surface quality of the tin plating strips is unqualified, then such roll of
strips shall be judged to be unqualified.
7 Marking, Package, Transportation, Storage and
Appendix A
(Normative)
Test Method for Weldability of Tin-Plated Copper and Copper Alloy
Strip – Vertical-Dip Method
A.1 Scope
This Appendix specifies the test method for weldability of tin-plated copper and copper
alloy strip.
This Appendix is applicable to the test for weldability of tin-plated copper and copper
alloy strip.
A.2 Method overview
The specimen is dipped vertically into the soldering batch at the speed of 3mm/s; stand
for 5s; then take it out at the same speed.
Visually compare with the standard sample of the tin plating strip to assess whether
the weldability is qualified.
A.3 Specimen
At least take 3 blocks of specimens with size of 10mm×40mm before tin plating. The
specimen can’t be touched by hand directly during the sampling and sample-
preparation processes; the surface of the specimen shall be free of any contamination
or corrosive residue.
The strips of outer layer of roll or the initially 200mm of the outer end of the cartridge
is not suitable for weldability test. If the reinspection is carried out, the first lap of the
strip roll shall be removed.
A.4 Test device
The test device includes the fixed soldering bath and the device capable of dipping the
specimen at a predetermined speed and stroke for a predetermined period of time,
then taking out.
The quantity of soldering material is at least 0.5kg; the depth of the soldering bath at
least reaches 40mm.
A.5 Test parameters and procedures
Appendix B
(Normative)
Coating Thickness Measurement of Tin-Plated Copper and Copper
Alloy Strip – X-Ray Method
B.1 Scope
This Appendix specifies the coating thickness measurement of tin-plated copper and
copper alloy strip.
This Appendix is applicable to use X-ray method to measure the coating thickness of
tin-plated copper and copper alloy strip.
B.2 Method overview
The coating thickness shall be measured by the X-ray fluorescence coating thickness
measuring instrument; at least 5 measuring points are measured on each side; finally
calculate the arithmetic mean value of the coating thickness.
B.3 Specimen
The specimen is taken to be 200mm long as per the width of the strip. The specimen
can’t be touched by hand directly during the sampling and sample-preparation
processes; the surface of the specimen shall be free of any contamination or corrosive
residue.
A.4 Test device
The test device is X-ray fluorescence coating thickness measuring instrument; and
passes the metrological verification.
A.5 Test procedures
According to the operating procedures of X-ray fluorescence coating thickness
measurement instrument, measure the thickness through selecting the points.
The number of measuring points shall be selected according to the size of the sample;
however, at least 5 points are measured on each side; the measuring point shall be
representative; point-selecting can refer to Figures B.1 and B.2.
......
 
(Above excerpt was released on 2019-11-02, modified on 2021-06-07, translated/reviewed by: Wayne Zheng et al.)
Source: https://www.chinesestandard.net/PDF.aspx/GBT37568-2019