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GB/T 36415-2018 PDF in English

GB/T 36415-2018 (GB/T36415-2018, GBT 36415-2018, GBT36415-2018)
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Standards related to: GB/T 36415-2018

GB/T 36415-2018: PDF in English (GBT 36415-2018)

GB/T 36415-2018
ICS 35.240.50
J 07
Automotive Industry Informatization -
Implementing Specification
Issued by. State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of the People’s Republic of
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
1 Scope ... 4 
2 Normative References ... 4 
3 Terms and Definitions ... 4 
4 Abbreviations ... 5 
5 General Principles ... 6 
6 Business Analysis of Automotive Industry ... 10 
7 Information Technology Architectural Design of Automotive Industry ... 12 
8 Information System Design of Automotive Industry ... 15 
9 Information System Implementation Process of Automotive Industry ... 24 
10 Informatization Implementation Effect Evaluation of Automotive Industry . 32 
References ... 33 
Automotive Industry Informatization -
Implementing Specification
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the stage, content, process requirements and evaluation
methods of the implementation of informatization in the automotive industry.
This Standard is applicable to informatization construction of automobile
manufacturing enterprises; it is also applicable to consulting service providers and
software developers who provide informatization services to the automotive industry.
2 Normative References
The following documents are indispensable to the application of this Standard. In terms
of references with a specified date, only versions with a specified date are applicable
to this Standard. The latest version (including all the modifications) of references
without a specified date is also applicable to this Standard.
GB/T 31131-2014 Evaluation System for Manufacturing Informatization
3 Terms and Definitions
The following terms and definitions are applicable to this document.
3.1 Informatization
Informatization refers to the process of corresponding to enterprise’s strategic
requirements, introducing, implementing and applying advanced technology and
information system in accordance with the analysis of business process and its
optimization demands to support enterprise’s various business, such as design,
production, management, marketing and service, and the high degree of integration
and coordination between various departments and the industrial chain to enhance
enterprise’s comprehensive economic effectiveness and competitiveness.
3.2 Business Process
Business process refers to the ultimate result of realizing enterprise’s or a certain part
of enterprise’s previously established objectives through the implementation of partial
ordered set of enterprise activities to reach certain expectations.
[GB/T 18757-2008, Definition 3.5]
virtual design, 3D printing, industrial robot and intelligent equipment in critical business
links; enhance enterprise’s capabilities in collaborative research and development,
precise management and control, intelligent manufacturing and collaborative service
of the industrial chain; expedite the generation of a new industrial form of service-
oriented manufacturing, such as cloud manufacturing, additive manufacturing and
large-scale personalized customization, etc.; motivate enterprise’s transformation,
upgrade and development in the automotive industry.
5.1.4 The principle of construction unity
The implementation of informatization shall aim at enterprise business and global
organization, establish informatization construction group that is led by the top
management layer and constituted of senior business personnel, information
technology backbones and a third-party consulting supervision to cover enterprise’s
informatization standard establishment, overall planning design, implementation
maintenance and service evaluation; implement “unity in standard, planning and
construction”; guarantee integrated operation of enterprise’s informatization
construction, and prevent the occurrence of questions like information isolated island
and redundant construction, etc.
5.1.5 The principle of management normalization
The implementation of informatization shall reinforce enterprise’s inter-business
departments collaboration and even inter-enterprises collaboration; establish and
refine informatization management mechanism system that includes information
standard, information security protection system and informatization management and
control system; systematically identify and scientifically manage all elements and
whole-process involved in informatization construction; guarantee continuous control
and innovative development of the informatization construction process; implement
spiral escalation of the efficiency and effect of informatization construction.
5.2 Implementation Stage
In the automotive industry, informatization shall be systematically implemented on the
foundation of enterprise’s business development strategies in accordance with the
achievements and development tendency of industrial informatization construction,
advanced technological philosophies and service-oriented manufacturing pattern, and
three stages of business analysis - information technology architectural design -
information system implementation. Please refer to Figure 1.
5.3.1 Overview
In the automotive industry, the implementation of informatization shall comply with the
implementation requirements of “strategic-orientation, overall planning; demand
guidance, step-by-step implementation; beneficial drive, breakthrough at key points;
progress step by step, perseverance”.
5.3.2 Strategic orientation, overall planning
The implementation of informatization must thoroughly consider the development
tendency of the new generation of information technology and advanced
manufacturing technology; compare the current situation of informatization application
in domestic and overseas enterprises in the same industry; formulate overall planning
of enterprise’s informatization construction. Overall planning shall take enterprise’s
long-term development strategies and recent objectives of business development as
the foundation. Overall planning shall be able to support enterprise’s informatization
development strategy of adapting to the global manufacturing industry, cope with
challenges brought by economic globalization, and manifest certain suitability,
advancement and proactiveness.
5.3.3 Demand guidance, step-by-step implementation
Enterprise shall formulate the cycle and planning of informatization construction in
accordance with its informatization development strategies, its demand for concrete
business, the preparation for informatization and the difficulty of implementation;
conduct survey, research, model selection, project design, development
implementation and operation maintenance of the informatization of various business
step by step on the basis of implementing reasonable distribution of fund, talents,
facilities and equipment, etc.
5.3.4 Beneficial drive, breakthrough at key points
Firstly, the implementation of informatization shall assist in the settlement of
problematic issues in enterprise’s strategic development; lay a particular emphasis on
links that could bring significant economic benefits to enterprise; design and give
preference to technical solutions and implementation strategies that are suitable for
the automotive industry for major breakthroughs; accumulate experience and lay a
foundation for the intensified application of information technology and system.
5.3.5 Progress step by step, perseverance
In the automotive industry, the implementation of informatization is a continuously
advanced, developed, effective and optimized process that has a beginning but no end.
On the one hand, informatization involves enterprise organization and management
transformation, so it shall be implemented step by step in an orderly way. Thus, it can
implement comprehensive optimization of enterprise’s business procedure and
organizational structure, which is conducive to risk management and control within a
7.5 Platform Layer
Through the establishment of enterprise comprehensive control and management
platform that integrates PLM-centered collaborative research and development
platform, ERP-centered lean management platform, MES-centered manufacturing
platform and client-centered network service platform, enterprise shall implement
integrated informatization control and management of automotive enterprise in four
major business fields, namely, research and development design, operation
management, manufacture and marketing service. In addition, enterprise shall support
automotive enterprise in the development of collaborative research and development,
lean management, intelligent production and industrialized service.
Enterprise shall establish PLM-centered collaborative research and development
platform; construct and perfect automotive product design specification; build
collaborative design platform. In addition, enterprise shall gradually implement model-
based system engineering research and application; intensify model-based 3D product
design. Enterprise shall devote itself to the construction of material database and test
capability; build effective capability of product simulated analysis. Enterprise shall
establish product design/process engineering/manufacturing integration platform;
reinforce the capability of process virtual simulation optimization design; promote the
study and application of product data management technology that supports platform-
oriented, module-oriented and configuration-oriented products; thoroughly satisfy the
conditions of large-scale personalized customization. Enterprise shall establish
Internet-based product big data system; timely and accurately obtain information of the
automotive industry and products; conduct intelligent analysis of customer demands
and competitive products’ data.
Enterprise shall establish ERP-centered lean management platform. Through effective
integration with comprehensive quality management system, customer relationship
management system and supplier management system, enterprise shall implement
comprehensive quality control and management of enterprise products and operation
process; implement effective collaboration of management of the top and bottom end
of the supply chain. Through the integration with collaborative research and
development platform, manufacturing platform and network service platform,
enterprise shall implement uniform planning and distribution of resources; implement
efficient collaboration of product life cycle material resource management, human
resource management, financial resource management and information resource
Enterprise shall establish MES-centered manufacturing platform; apply production
barcode technology, manufacturing system configuration technology, production
process modeling technology, business procedure integration technology, production
site visualization technology, manufacturing information collection and optimized
dispatching technology. Through the integration with workshop equipment, network
facilities and sensing device, enterprise shall implement comprehensive control and
management of automotive product production process, which includes production
Figure 4 -- Overall Design Drawing of Information System of Automotive
8.1.2 Fundamental support
In the automotive industry, informatization shall establish fundamental network support
environment, which supports the safe, reliable and stable operation of enterprise’s
various information systems and business control and management platform. It shall
include hardware equipment, ubiquitous network, software system and enterprise data
center, etc.
In the automotive industry, information standardization system shall include product
data structural standard, client and supplier coding system, production equipment
coding system, and product research and development technical specification, quality
inspection technical specification, etc. Through the construction and perfection of
standardized specification, it shall be able to guide specification construction of various
information systems of enterprise in the automotive industry systematically and
scientifically; guarantee enhanced efficiency in enterprise informatization construction.
In the automotive industry, informatization security system shall be established on the
basis of information security management system, personnel safety management
system, system construction management system and system operation maintenance
management system; satisfy behavioral specification and operation procedure of
various stages and links, such as personnel management, system construction and
system operation and maintenance, etc. Though institutionalized and normalized
procedure and behavior, it shall guarantee consistency of various security
management work.
8.1.3 Business management and control
The collaborative research and development platform shall give priority to the support
of the collaborative application of enterprise’s various research and development
departments; establish product full-life cycle management-centered collaborative
research and development platform, which takes three-dimensional design and
simulation tool, simulation data management system, product test and test system as
the auxiliary; form 3D digital model-based digitalized research and development
system of design, manufacture, simulation and verification; effectively support product
upgrade and innovation of technological pattern.
Lean management platform shall focus on the intensified application of enterprise’s
ERP system; establish ERP-centered lean management platform, which integrates the
functions of supply chain management, customer relationship management and
decision-making support management; support lean management and control of the
whole process and whole value chain of product research and development design,
manufacture field and operation management; provide enterprise with support in
management and control of strategies, operation, finance and risks; comprehensive
Figure 6 -- Manufacturing System Functional Architecture
Manufacturing execution system shall include, but shall not be limited to, production
management, material management, quality management, equipment management,
production energy consumption management and production statement center, etc.
Andon system shall support the alarming function of various abnormal incidents in the
workshop, such as equipment failure, material shortage and abnormal production
quality, etc.
Storage management system shall implement refined management of the storage,
dispatching, shipment and delivery of workshop materials, semi-finished products and
finished products; support visualized and transparent management and control of
workshop logistics.
8.4 Lean Management System
Automotive lean management system shall satisfy enterprise’s demand for
informatization management and control in financial accounting, human resource
management, trans-department business collaboration, customer management and
supply chain management, etc. Please refer to the functional framework in Figure 7.
Through ERP-centered enterprise resource center, implement internal management
and control of automotive enterprise. ERP system shall include, but shall not be limited
to, management modules of planning, procurement, production (manufacture), storage,
logistics, marketing, service, quality, personnel, asset and finance, etc.
Through SRM/SCM system, implement management and control of suppliers and
procurement. SRM/SCM system shall include, but shall not be limited to, management
modules of supplier development, supplier management, public service portal,
procurement plan, procurement order, billing notice and procurement contract, etc.
Through DMS marketing system, implement management and control of dealers and
marketing. DMS marketing system shall include, but shall not be limited to,
management modules of marketing plan management, marketing order management,
car distribution and dispatching management, customer information management,
commercial policy management, dealer’s rebate management and dealer’s inventory
management, etc.
Through CRM system, implement management of customer relationship. CRM system
shall include, but shall not be limited to, marketing clue management, customer file
management, market activity management and call center management, etc.
ERP system shall cover management activities of research and development design,
material supply, manufacture and marketing service; form integration with various
business information systems and data; form collaborative application of main engine
plant, and the upstream and downstream industrial chain of the automotive industry.
Figure 8 -- Marketing Service System Functional Architecture
9 Information System Implementation Process of
Automotive Industry
9.1 Overview
The implementation process of information system in the automotive industry shall
include several stages, namely, demand analysis, system analysis, engineering
implementation and operation maintenance.
9.2 Demand Analysis
9.2.1 Business process analysis Business process status analysis
The analysis of business process can adopt a work flow chart. In other words,
decompose enterprise’s operation process into various business activities; establish
relations among various activities within the process. It includes input, output and its
triggering mechanism. Work process analysis has two objectives. one is to help
members of the design group rapidly and accurately grasp the practical work content
of the enterprise; the other is to determine whether the enterprise’s procedure is
reasonable and unobstructed during the process analysis, so that it can be solved in
system design and implementation. Business process improvement countermeasure analysis
Firstly, enterprise’s operation objective shall be explored. In accordance with the
comparison of the operation objective and the current situation, existing questions shall
be found out. Determine the objective of this system; take the completion of system
objective as the starting point to analyze questions that exist in the various links that
constitute the system. Integrate system functions to analyze the found questions.
Finally, come up with countermeasures of solving this series of questions for
9.2.2 System implementation objective analysis
Implement the information system by stages. Other than the provided overall objective,
list out clarified goals of each stage correspondingly.
The overall objective of information system project shall be jointly and repeatedly
discussed and determined by enterprise leaders and chief designers of the design
group. Generally speaking, the overall objective shall be determined in accordance
with enterprise’s operation strategic objective, enterprise’s practical situation and
consideration of the following aspects. optimizing enterprise’s product structure,
enhancing labor productivity, enhancing production capacity, shortening the cycle of
product development and manufacture, reinforcing product quality, reducing
production cost, reinforcing market adaptability and implementing scientific
management, etc.
During the formulation of benefit goals, indexes that can be quantified (namely, benefit
that can be quantified) shall be expressed in numbers. Benefit goal shall also be
formulated in accordance with each stage.
9.3 System Design
9.3.1 Design task
The primary task of design is to determine enterprise’s system demand; establish
functional model of objective system; determine the entity and relation (preliminary
stage of information modeling) of information model; propose main technical plans of
implementation. In terms of system demand analysis and main technical plan design,
design shall be intensified to the internal function demand of each sub-system and
generate corresponding description of system demand.
9.3.2 Design work content
The main work content of system design stage includes.
a) Formulate system design work plan;
b) System demand analysis. concretize demand into the demand for existing
concrete technological implementation plan;
c) Overall system structural design;
d) Determination of sub-system technical plan;
e) System’s functional modeling and technical performance index design;
f) Determine the entity and relation of information model;
g) Establish decision-making model or models proposed in other system structure;
h) Propose the internal and external interface requirements that are needed in
system integration;
i) Elaborate development methods and technical routes that are planned to be
j) Propose key technology and solutions;
k) Determine system configuration;
the design work in all aspects.
9.4 Project Implementation
9.4.1 Implementation task
The primary task of project implementation is the content of physical realization of
design, namely, to generate an operable information system. Application software
coding, installation and debugging; installation and debugging of computer hardware
and production equipment; global database and partial database, network installation
and debugging, and implementation and position setting of organizational frameworks
shall be completed. All the work shall ultimately reach the degree of feasibility; errors
and loopholes that are found during the implementation stage shall be timely corrected.
The ultimate criterion of of measurement shall be acceptance by the users.
9.4.2 Implementation content
The main work content of the implementation stage includes.
a) Revise and implement project implementation plan.
b) Purchase or design hardware system.
c) Installation, debugging, test and acceptance check of hardware system.
d) Establish test database; design test through typical data loading; consider
various necessary circumstances and conditions; minimize the size of test
e) Debug database.
f) Database loading. Thoroughly estimate the workload of engineering database;
coordinate with professional technicians of different departments to verify data
g) Formulate agreements on application software programming. As an application
software that aims at integrating all the parts, it shall make agreements on some
common practice, which can make it convenient for the review, exchange and
the integrated operation in the end.
h) Programming. In terms of the implementation of engineering projects, various
functions of the information system are needed; the implementation of the
various functions of the information system needs programming of system’s
functional modules.
i) Unit test. During the process of module test, its performance, such as module
interface, partial data structure, important execution path, error handling path
and boundary conditions that affect these characteristics, shall be mainly
performance test; operation convenience test.
Software test shall base on the criteria in relevant software engineering specifications.
9.5 Operation Maintenance
9.5.1 Operation maintenance task
In order to guarantee its normal and efficient operation, system that is put into operation
needs to be continuously adjusted and modified. In other words, errors that are
generated in the development stage and not found in the test stage shall be corrected.
In addition, in order to adapt the system to changes in the external environment,
functions shall be expanded, performance shall be improved; some necessary
modifications shall also be conducted on the system. This stage starts when the
system is put into operation and ends when it is replaced or abolished. Its main task is
system maintenance, which can be mainly divided into 3 types of maintenance, namely,
maintenance for correctness, perfection and adaptability. It shall be emphasized that
the current workload of software maintenance is generally 3 times ~ 4 times of the
workload of development. This shall be thoroughly evaluated in work.
9.5.2 Operation maintenance work content
In the operation and maintenance stage, the work content mainly includes.
a) Perfect various operation procedures and maintenance procedures;
b) Make preparation for back-ups and recovery after breakdown;
c) Provide technical trainings to system application (operation) personnel and
maintenance personnel;
d) System operation status record;
e) Hardware resource maintenance;
f) Application software maintenance;
g) Technical infrastructure (database, network and system software) maintenance;
h) Data and data file maintenance, and corresponding security protection work;
i) Adjustment of institutions and personnel;
j) Conduct regular system evaluation; compile stage report, including question
report, software modification report and test report after modification, etc.
Source: Above contents are excerpted from the PDF -- translated/reviewed by: www.chinesestandard.net / Wayne Zheng et al.