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GB/T 2317.3-2008 (GB/T2317.3-2008)

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GB/T 2317.3-2008: PDF in English (GBT 2317.3-2008)

GB/T 2317.3-2008
ICS 29.240.20
K 51
Replacing GB/T 2317.3-2000
Test method for electric power fittings - Part 3: Heat cycle
tests for electric power fittings
(IEC 61284:1997, Overhead lines - Requirements and tests for fittings, MOD)
Issued by: General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and
Quarantine of PRC;
Standardization Administration of PRC.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
1 Scope ... 5 
2 Normative references ... 5 
3 Overview ... 5 
4 Test piece ... 5 
5 Test rules ... 6 
6 Resistance test ... 8 
7 Temperature rise test ... 9 
8 Heat cycle test ... 9 
Appendix A (Normative) Commonly used electrical connection fittings ... 12 
Appendix B (Normative) Typical test circuit for category A electrical connection
fittings ... 14 
Appendix C (Normative) Typical test circuit for category B electrical connection
fittings ... 15 
Appendix D (Normative) Potential measuring point ... 17 
Appendix E (Normative) Diagram of heat cycle test program ... 18 
Appendix F (Normative) Statistics method ... 19 
Test method for electric power fittings - Part 3: Heat cycle
tests for electric power fittings
1 Scope
This Part of GB/T 2317 specifies the heat cycle test method for electric power fittings.
This Part applies to the electrical performance test, for the electrical resistance,
temperature rise, heat cycle of electrical connection fittings.
2 Normative references
The provisions in following documents become the provisions of this Part, through
reference in this Part of GB/T 2317. For the dated references, the subsequent
amendments (excluding corrections) or revisions do not apply to this Part; however,
parties who reach an agreement based on this Part are encouraged to study if the latest
versions of these documents are applicable. For undated references, the latest edition of
the referenced document applies.
GB/T 2314 General technical requirements for electric power fittings
GB/T 2317.4 Test method for electric power fittings - Part 4: Acceptance inspection
for electric power fittings
3 Overview
Electrical connection fittings can be divided into two categories, according to the stress
conditions: those with tensile force (category A) and those without tensile force
(category B) (see Appendix A).
4 Test piece
4.1 Number of test pieces
It is carried out, in accordance with the provisions of GB/T 2317.4.
4.2 Electrical connection fittings for connecting two or more conductors
For electrical connection fittings, which connect two or more conductors, select the
conductors, which have the largest specification and the smallest specification, for
4.3 Preparation
The electrical connection fittings and the contact surfaces on the conductors shall be
treated, according to the manufacturer's instructions; then installed on the new
conductors, without loosening.
5 Test rules
5.1 Test conditions
The test shall be carried out, under relatively unventilated conditions, which have an
ambient temperature of 15 °C ~ 30 °C. The test arrangement shall keep a certain
distance, between the fittings or other connecting parts, which are introduced for the
convenience of the test, to make it sufficient to ensure that the influence of thermal
disturbance is ignored. The test piece shall be supported in such a way, that air can
circulate freely around the test piece and cool naturally. If accelerated cooling is used,
it shall be uniformly cooled, throughout the test arrangement area.
A new conductor shall be used for the test. A tension of not more than 20% of the
calculated breaking force of the conductor, can be applied to the electrical connection
fittings under tension.
5.2 Reference conductor
To measure resistance and temperature, the test circuit shall include a conductor, which
has a certain length, as a reference body for measuring the resistance and temperature
of fittings. If two sizes of conductors are to be connected to one connection fitting, in
an arrangement, THEN, the smaller conductor shall be used as the reference conductor.
The length of the reference conductor shall not be less than 100 times the diameter of
the conductor; the longest shall not exceed 4 m.
5.3 Potential measuring point
When measuring resistance, the position of the measuring point shall be located on the
conductor, at 25 mm away from the end of each electrical connection fitting. For the
potential measuring points of the reference conductor, the schematic diagrams in
Appendix B and Appendix C may be used.
Note: Potential test points do not have to be soldered. The practical operation of the potential
measuring points, in Appendix D, can be used to obtain satisfactory performance.
5.4 Installation of test circuit
average value of the two measured resistances, as the actual resistance value of the test
- Before measuring the resistance, there shall be a constant temperature or cooling for a
period of time. The length of the constant temperature or cooling time will affect the
measured value. Therefore, it needs a long enough time, after the power is cut off. In order
to shorten the test time, it is allowed for the forced cooling of the test piece.
5.5.2 Temperature measurement method
Electrical connection fittings, reference conductors, ambient temperature shall be
measured by thermocouples or other suitable instruments. The measurement accuracy
is 2 °C or higher.
The recorded temperature of electrical connection fitting shall be the temperature of the
hottest part of its surface. The temperature measuring probe is close to the surface of
the test piece; OR a small hole is punched in the test piece, in which the temperature
measuring probe is inserted. For the reference conductor, the temperature measuring
probe shall be placed in the center of the length of the conductor AND securely fixed.
For stranded conductors, the temperature measuring probe shall be placed in the strand.
A small hole can be drilled for the whole conductor; the temperature measuring probe
is placed in the small hole (see Appendix B and Appendix C).
The ambient temperature shall be measured, throughout the test. The temperature
measuring probe shall be set in a place, which is not affected by the heating of the
electrical circuit.
6 Resistance test
6.1 Test procedure
Determine the potential measuring point, according to 5.3. Measure the DC resistance
of the reference conductor and the test piece, according to the measurement method,
which is specified in 5.5.1. Calculate the average value, as the actual resistance value.
6.2 Judgment criteria
For compressive type fittings, if its resistance value is not greater than the resistance
value of the reference conductor, which has the same length as the fittings, the test is
passed. For non-compressive fittings, if the resistance value is not greater than 1.1 times
the resistance value of the reference conductor, which has the same length as the fittings,
the test is passed.
reference conductor, according to the length of the test piece;
b) Let the current pass through the test circuit. The magnitude of the test current and
the length of the energization time shall make the temperature of the reference
conductor rise above the ambient temperature Tf + 5 °C; keep the constant
temperature for 30 min. In order to shorten the test time, the initial current can be
increased, to accelerate the heating, BUT it shall not exceed 1.5 times of the test
c) After the heating process is over, cut off the current. Let the conductor cool to
within 5 °C higher than the ambient temperature. In order to shorten the cooling
time, it is allowed for forced cooling;
d) Repeat the operation, for 0.1N ± 0.02N cycles;
e) In the 0.1N ± 0.02N heat cycles, it shall measure the temperature of the conductor
and the test piece, in one of the last 5 cycles, within the last 15 min of the constant
temperature of 30 min;
f) Then cool the test piece to the ambient temperature. Measure the resistance of the
conductor and the test piece;
g) Continue heat cycle. Measure temperature and resistance, at the end of each 0.1N
heat cycle, until finishing 0.5N cycles;
h) In the next 0.5N cycles, it shall measure the resistance, for each 0.05N (± 0.01N)
cycle. It shall measure the temperature, for each 0.1N (± 0.02N) cycle.
The test piece shall not be tightened or adjusted, during the test. The above test
procedure is shown in Appendix E, in graphical form.
8.3 Judgment criteria
The test is passed, if the following requirements are met:
a) The difference, between the initial resistance value of each test piece, in the test
circuit, and the average value of the initial resistance of the 4 test pieces, shall not
exceed 30% of the average value;
b) For every 0.1N heat cycle, the surface temperature of the test piece shall not
exceed the temperature of the reference conductor;
c) At the end of every 0.1N heat cycle, the resistance of the test piece, which is
measured at ambient temperature, shall not exceed the resistance of the reference
conductor, which has the equivalent length;
d) During the last 0.5N heat cycle, the average resistance of the test piece shall not
be greater than 1.5 times the initial resistance value;
Appendix F
Statistics method
F.1 Overview
The purpose of the statistical method, which is proposed in the Appendix, is to provide
an objective evaluation method, for the results of the 0.5N ~ N heat cycle test; because
it is difficult to make an accurate evaluation, by intuitively judging the relationship
between the resistance and the number of heat cycles. Of course, the use of statistical
methods is not a method of abandoning intuitive judgments. Because in the statistical
method of a test piece, although each of the 11 data needs to be recorded, a data, that
deviates significantly from the best-fit straight line, will seriously affect the test results,
so this data shall be excluded. For example, for category B electrical connection fittings,
5 of the 6 test pieces passed the test, if the sixth test piece does not cause an unreliable
reading due to the test error, the test is passed. In 6 resistance readings, it is against
common sense, to scrap the designed fitting, based on one bad resistance reading.
Discarding this bad reading and continuing to test in this interval may yield results,
which are consistent with the rest of the test data.
There are three steps in the judgement criteria:
a) Calculate the resistance change M. Use the least squares method, to fit the best
straight line to the data. Use this as the baseline, calculate the rise and fall of the
resistance, during 0.5N ~ N heat cycles. Express this change as the ratio of the
average resistance readings, 0.5N ~ N heat cycle. Note it as M.
Note: The change of resistance rise and fall, M, is usually taken as a positive value.
b) Calculate the dispersion degree S. Calculate the resistance dispersion for the best-
fit straight line. Express it as the ratio of the average resistance value in the 0.5N
~ N heat cycle. Note it as S.
c) The calculation takes into account the resistance change: D = M + S. The
parameter D is actually the resistance change of 0.5N ~ N heat cycles, which is
expressed as the ratio of the average resistance value in 0.5N ~ N heat cycles. If
the resistance is normally distributed, to the best-fit straight line with 95%
confidence, then the acceptable judgement criteria is that D shall not exceed 0.15.
F.2 Representation of measured resistance
The measured resistance values are as shown in Table F.1.
Source: Above contents are excerpted from the PDF -- translated/reviewed by: www.chinesestandard.net / Wayne Zheng et al.