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GB/T 17783-2019 PDF in English


GB/T 17783-2019 (GB/T17783-2019, GBT 17783-2019, GBT17783-2019)
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GB/T 17783-2019: PDF in English (GBT 17783-2019)

GB/T 17783-2019
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 83.060
G 40
Replacing GB/T 17783-1999
Rubber, vulcanized or thermoplastic - Chemical tests -
Preparation of samples and test piece
(ISO 4661-2:2018, Rubber, vulcanized - Preparation of samples
and test piece - Part 2: Chemical tests, MOD)
ISSUED ON: DECEMBER 10, 2019
IMPLEMENTED ON: NOVEMBER 01, 2020
Issued by: State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of
China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
1 Scope ... 5 
2 Normative references ... 5 
3 Terms and definitions ... 5 
4 Reagents ... 6 
5 Instruments ... 6 
6 Sample and test piece preparation ... 6 
Annex A (informative) Structural changes between this Standard and ISO 4661-
2:2018 ... 10 
Annex B (informative) Technical differences and reasons between this Standard
and ISO 4661-2:2018 ... 11 
Annex C (normative) Recommended solvents for rubber extraction ... 12 
Rubber, vulcanized or thermoplastic - Chemical tests -
Preparation of samples and test piece
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the preparation methods for vulcanized rubber or
thermoplastic rubber sample and test piece for chemical tests.
This Standard is applicable to the preparation of vulcanized rubber or
thermoplastic rubber sample and test piece for chemical tests.
2 Normative references
The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of
this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated
references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any
amendments) applies.
GB/T 18866, Rubber - Dissolution by acid digestion (GB/T 18866-2017, ISO
9028:2006, MOD)
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1 cryogenic size reduction; cryo-grinding
Use liquid nitrogen or other refrigerants to brittle rubber and process into small
particle sizes.
[GB/T 9881-2008, definition 2.114]
3.2 thermoplastic rubber
A polymer or polymer blend that has properties similar to vulcanized rubber at
its use temperature but it can be processed or re-processed after temperature
is elevated like thermoplastic plastic.
[GB/T 9881-2008, definition 2.431]
rubber product, it shall separate the vulcanized rubber and other possible
ingredients from the product first, for example, metals, cords, cable ties, fibers,
and other coated films or coverings. When separating, it shall use mechanical
methods whenever possible -- blades, wheels, files and avoid heating.
6.1.2 The preparation of sample and test piece is mainly divided into two
categories: one is carried out according to the nature of rubber and the other is
carried out according to the use of chemical test.
6.2 Soft vulcanized rubber
Use scissors, files, grinders, freeze mashers or liquid nitrogen prototypes to
crush the sample. Through a test sieve of which the aperture is about 1.7mm,
or through a laboratory mill, under small roll distance, coldly roll and press the
sample into sheets of which the thickness is not greater than 0.5mm. When
using a grinder or mill to prepare a sample, be careful not to contaminate the
sample or overheat it.
6.3 Hard vulcanized rubber
Use a file to file the sample into powder or use a grinder or frozen mashing or
use liquid nitrogen prototype to crush the sample. Through a test sieve of which
the aperture is about 0.4mm and use a magnet to remove iron filings from
powder.
6.4 Rubber composite material
6.4.1 When rubber cannot be separated from other materials by mechanical
methods, it shall be treated according to 6.4.2~6.4.4 methods.
6.4.2 Expose a sample to a suitable solvent vapor to make rubber swell. Then
separate rubber from other materials. In a fume hood, the solvent in the swelling
rubber is completely evaporated. Proceed according to the method described
in 6.2. For NR-based, SBR-based and BR-based composites, acetone (4.1) or
ETA (4.3) are more suitable solvents. For other types of rubbers, see Annex C
for the selection of solvent.
The time that the sample is exposed to steam is limited to the separation of
rubber from other materials and it shall be as short as possible, lest the
plasticizer in rubber be extracted.
Swelled rubber can be placed in a fume hood. Remove all solvents by
evaporation at room temperature. Then according to the method described in
6.2, conduct subsequent processing of rubber.
6.4.3 When rubber is chemically bonded to other substrates, it shall note the
rubber composition of the bonding area, which may be very different from the
6.7.1.1 Dry ashing
Use dry ashing for halogen-free vulcanized or thermoplastic rubber test piece.
Weigh about 0.2g of test piece (to the nearest of 0.1mg).
According to the provisions of 6.1 and 6.2, prepare the test piece into granular
of which the particle size is not more than 1mm. Put into a porcelain crucible.
Conduct a complete low-temperature carbonization on a temperature-
controlled electric furnace. Move the crucible into a muffle furnace of which the
furnace temperature is (550±25)°C to continue heating till the ashing is
complete. Keep the ashes in the crucible.
6.7.1.2 Wet ashing
Use wet ashing for halogen-containing or unknown test piece. Weigh about 0.2g
of test piece (to the nearest of 0.1mg). According to the provisions of 6.1 and
6.2, cut the sample into granular of which the particle size is not more than 1mm.
Put into a porcelain crucible. Add about 3mLof sulfuric acid (4.2) to make test
piece digested (the amount of sulfuric acid can be slowly increased according
to the degree of swelling of test piece and the severity of the reaction); or use
a digestion instrument to digest the sample. Place the crucible that contains test
piece in the hole of the asbestos board. In the fume hood, use an electric stove
to slowly heat. For example, at the starting state of reaction, when the test piece
swells severely, it shall remove the heat source so as to avoid possible sample
loss. When the reaction is slow, raise the temperature until excess sulfuric acid
evaporates, leaving a dry carbonized residue. Move the crucible that is filled
with residues to a muffle furnace of which the furnace temperature is
(950±25)°C to continue heating till ashing is complete. Keep the ashes in the
crucible.
6.7.2 Ash dissolution
After test piece ashing, cool to room temperature. Move ashes into a beaker.
Use a measuring cylinder to measure 15mL of nitric acid solution (4.4). Pour
into the beaker. Heat carefully on the electric furnace until they are completely
dissolved. Cool to room temperature. Move to a 250mL volumetric flask (if
ashes cannot be completely dissolved, the solution needs to be filtered). Use
water to dilute to the scale, shake well for testing.
6.7.3 Acid digestion
For rubber materials that are not applicable for ashing, conduct according to
the provisions in GB/T 18866.
......
 
Source: Above contents are excerpted from the PDF -- translated/reviewed by: www.chinesestandard.net / Wayne Zheng et al.