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GB/T 16903.1-2008 PDF in English


GB/T 16903.1-2008 (GB/T16903.1-2008, GBT 16903.1-2008, GBT16903.1-2008)
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GB/T 16903.1-2008: PDF in English (GBT 16903.1-2008)

GB/T 16903.1-2008
ICS 01.080.01
A 22
NATIONAL STANDARD
OF THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
GB/T 16903.1–2008
Replace GB/T 16903.1-1997, GB/T 14543-1993
Rules for the presentation of graphical symbols for
use on signs—Part 1. Design principles for public
information graphical symbols
(ISO 22727. 2007, Graphical symbols—Creation and design of public information
symbols—Requirements, NEQ)
ISSUED ON. JULY 16, 2008
IMPLEMENTED ON. JANUARY 01, 2009
Issued by.
General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and
Quarantine of the People’s Republic of China;
Standardization Administration Committee of the People’s Republic
of China
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 5
2 Normative References ... 5
3 Terms and definitions ... 5
4 Design procedures... 7
5 Endow meaning, function and image contents to graphical symbol ... 7
6 Design of graphical symbol ... 9
7 Template ... 16
Annex A (Informative) Graphical representation of human ... 19
Annex B (Informative) Representation of water body ... 23
References ... 24
Foreword
GB/T 16903 is one of the series national standards of Rules for the Presentation of
Graphical Symbols. The structure and name of this series of national standards are as
follows.
a) GB/T 16900 Rules for the Presentation of Graphical Symbols General Provisions.
b) GB/T 16901 Rules for the Presentation of Graphical Symbols for Use on Technical
Documents is divided into the following there parts.
——Part 1. Basic rules;
——Part 2. The computer electronic document formats specifications and its exchange
requirements of graphical symbols (including the graphical symbols in reference symbol
library);
——Part 3. Classification of connection points, networks and their encoding.
c) GB/T 16902 Rules for the Presentation of Graphical Symbols for Use on Equipment
is divided into the following four parts.
——Part 1. Prototype symbol;
——Part 2. Form and use of the arrow;
——Part 3. Application guidelines;
——Part 4. Applicable rules for the graphical symbol (icon) for use on screen and display.
d) GB/T 16903 Rules for the Presentation of Graphical Symbols for Use on Signs is
divided into following two parts.
——Part 1. Design principles for public information graphical symbols;
——Part 2. Test procedure.
This Part is Part 1 of GB/T 16903. The consistency degree of this Part and ISO
22727.2007 Graphic Symbol Public Information Graphic Symbol Design Requirements (in
English) is non-equivalent. This Part is re-drafted in accordance with ISO 22727.2007.
This Part substitutes GB/T 16903.1-1997 Rules for the Presentation of Graphical Symbols
for Use on Signs Part I. the Formation of Graphical Symbols and GB/T 14543-1993 Visual
Design Principles on Graphical Symbols for Use on Signs. This Part in comparison with
GB/T 16903.1—1997 and GB/T 14543-1993 has the major changes as follows.
——Adjust the standard application scope into the design of public information graphical
symbols for use on signs.
——Delete the provisions related to signs design in the standard, for example,
"Geometry" (GB/T 16903.1-1997 Chapter 3);
——The terms "Apparent Size" and "Oblique Square" (3.1 and 3.2 in GB/T 16903.1-1997)
is deleted and some of the terms are adjusted according to the provisions of the latest
terminology standards, such as adjusting "Graphic Symbol Elements" to "Symbol
Elements" (3.1 in GB/T 14543-1993 and 3.3 in this Part);
——The design template of original public information graphic symbol is modified and the
design template of public information graphic symbol with negative straight bars is
increased (7.1 in GB/T 14543-1993 and 7.1 and 7.2 in this Part).
Annex A and Annex B are informative Annexes in this Part.
This Part is under jurisdiction of National Technical Committee of Standardization for
Graphic Symbol (SAC/TC 59).
This Part is drafted by the following organizations. China National Institute of
Standardization, Xu Beihong Art Institute of Renmin University of China and Beijing
Subway Line Company.
Main drafters of this Part. Chen Yongquan, Bai Dianyi, Zhang Liang, Zou Chuanyu, An
Yaoshun, Zhou Ke.
The original standard was firstly issued in 1986 (the standard No. is GB/T 7093.4-1986),
while in the first amendment in 1997, the standard No. was changed to GB/T
16903.1-1997. This is the second revision.
Rules for the presentation of graphical symbols for use on signs
Part 1. Design principles for public information graphical symbols
1 Scope
This Part of GB/T 16903 specified the design principles and requirements for public
information graphical symbols.
This Part applies to the design of public information graphical symbols for use on signs.
This Part does not apply to the design of safety signs and traffic signs.
2 Normative References
The articles contained in the following documents have become this standard when they
are quoted herein. For the dated documents so quoted, all the modifications (excluding
corrections) or revisions made thereafter shall not be applicable to this Standard. For the
undated documents so quoted, the latest editions shall be applicable to this Standard.
GB/T 10001 (All parts) Public information graphical symbols for use on sign
GB/T 15565 (All parts) Graphical symbols-Terms
GB/T 16900-2008 Rules for the presentation of graphical symbols - General principles
GB/T 16903.2 Rules for the presentation of graphical symbols for use on
graphical signs - Part 2. Test methods (GB/T 16903.2-2008, ISO 9186. 2001, MOD)
3 Terms and definitions
Terms defined in GB/T 15565 as well as the following definitions and terms shall apply to
this Part of GB/T 16903. For convenience, some terms in GB/T 15565 are listed as
follows.
3.1
Graphical symbol
Mainly characterized by graph, and the transmission of information does not depend on
the language.
[GB/T 15565.1-2008, definition 2.5]
3.2
Public information graphical symbol
The graphical symbol that transmits information to the public, and can be understood
without professional training
[GB/T 15565.1-2008, definition 2.5.14.1]
3.3
Symbol element
The constituent parts of graphical symbol with specific meaning;
[GB/T 15565.1-2008, definition 3.6]
3.4
Meaning
The information transmitted by graphical symbols
3.5
Function
The usage or effect of the object to be expressed by graphical symbols;
[GB/T 15565.1-2008, definition 3.18]
3.6
Image content
The text description on the symbol element and its relative position in graphical symbols
[GB T 15565.1-2008, definition 3.21]
3.7
Negation
The method to represent and affirm the opposite or negate the existence of specific
objects;
[GB /T 15565.1-2008, definition 3.8]
3.8
Negation element
The symbol element that negates the original meaning of the graphical symbol
[GB T 15565.1-2008, definition 3.9]
6.1.2 During the design of public information graphic symbols, the possible negative
form shall be considered, so as to reduce the impact of easy-comprehensibility when
adding negative element onto the graphic symbols.
6.1.3 When the design of public information graphic symbols including human shape
and water body, the rules given in Annex A and Annex B shall be referred.
6.2 Use of the template
Public information graphical symbol shall be designed according to the template given in
Chapter 7. In design, the symbol elements in graphic symbols shall not exceed the
dotted-line square area of length of 90mm in template; when one symbol element in
graphic symbols is close to and parallel to the inner edge of the border, the symbol
elements shall not exceed the dotted-line square area of length of 80mm in template.
6.3 Use of characters
6.3.1 Letters, numbers, punctuation marks, mathematical symbols and other
characters shall only be used as symbolic elements, when designing the public
information graphical symbols.
6.3.2 If some certain letters or punctuation marks have been widely recognized, they
can be used alone as symbol elements, such as the letter “P” represents parking lots and
the punctuation mark “?” represents information enquiry.
6.4 The combination of graphical symbols or symbol elements
6.4.1 If the new graphical symbol is formed by two or more graphical symbols or
symbol elements, its meaning shall contradict with the meaning of each component (see
Figure 3).
GB/T 10001.3—2004(50). Air freight
Note. the public information graphical symbol is formed by the combination of two graphical symbols,
namely, GB/T 10001.3-2004 (01) “aircraft” and GB / T 10001.3-2004 (49) “freight”.
Figure 3 Examples of the new public information graphical symbol formed by the
References
1. GB/T 2893.1 Graphical symbols—Safety colors and safety signs—Part 1.Design
principles for safety signs in workplaces and public areas
2. GB/T 10001.1-2006 Public information graphical symbols for use on sign― Part 1.
Common symbols
3. GB/T 10001.2-2006 Public information graphical symbols for use on sign— Part 2.
Symbols for to...
......
 
Source: Above contents are excerpted from the PDF -- translated/reviewed by: www.chinesestandard.net / Wayne Zheng et al.