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GB 6675.2-2014 PDF in English

GB 6675.2-2014 (GB6675.2-2014) PDF English
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GB 6675.2-2014: PDF in English

GB 6675.2-2014
ICS 97.200.50
Y 57
Partially replacing GB 6675-2003
Safety of toys -
Part 2. Mechanical and physical properties
(ISO 8124-1.2000, Safety of toys –
Part 1. Mechanical and physical properties, MOD)
ISSUED ON. MAY 6, 2014
Issued by. General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection
and Quarantine;
Standardization Administration Committee.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
Introduction ... 6 
1 Scope ... 7 
2 Normative references ... 9 
3 Terms and definitions ... 10 
4 Technical requirements ... 21 
5 Test methods ... 50 
Annex A (Normative) Age-grading guidelines ... 88 
Annex B (Informative) Safety-labeling guidelines and manufacturer's
markings ... 93 
Annex C (Informative) Design guidelines for toys attached to cribs or
playpens ... 99 
Annex D (Informative) Toy gun marking ... 100 
Annex E (Informative) Rationale ... 102 
All technical contents of this Part are mandatory.
GB 6675 is a series of standards about toy safety, containing the following
- Basic code (GB 6675.1);
- Mechanical and physical properties (GB 6675.2), Flammability (GB
6675.3), Migration of certain elements (GB 6675.4);
- Specific requirements for specific products.
This Part is a combination use of mechanical and physical properties (GB
6675.2) and GB 6675.1, GB 6675.3, GB 6675.4, GB 19865 (applicable to
electric toys) in toy safety series standard general requirements.
This Part was drafted in accordance with the rules given in GB/T 1.1-2009.
This Part replaces GB 6675-2003 National safety technical code for toys.
Compared with sub-clause 4.1 and Annex A of GB 6675-2003, the main
modifications in this Part are as follows.
- deleted Annex A.A Battery powered toys of GB 6675-2003;
re-numbered other annexes;
- included the sound requirements and test methods in the text; added
definitions; made great modification to the content; deleted Annex A.F of
GB 6675-2003;
- modified the boundaries of the age group; for example, modified
“including and under 36 months” to “under 36 months”;
- added definitions related to magnet, see 4.5.8 “Hemispheric-shaped
toys”, 4.29 “Magnets and magnetic parts”, 5.26 “Magnet tensile test”,
5.27 “Magnetic flux index”, 5.28 “Magnet impact test”, 5.29 “Magnet
soaking test”, B.2.20 “Magnetic / electrical performance test equipment
for children aged 8 years and older”, Annex D “Toy gun mark” and E.43
“Magnet”, etc.;
- made great modifications to sub-clauses such as 4.8 “Protruding parts”,
4.10 “Plastic film or plastic bags in packaging and in toys”, 4.13.3
“Chains or belts in ride-on toys”, 4.18.2 “Projectile toys with stored
energy”, 4.18.3 “Non-storage catapult”, 4.26 “Toys roller skates, single
row roller skates and toys skateboards”, 5.10 “Plastic film thickness test”,
5.24.8 “Flex test”.
This Part uses redrafting method to modify and adopt ISO 8124-1.2000
Safety of toys - Part 1. Safety aspects related to mechanical and physical
properties as well as its amendments A1. 2007, A2. 2007 and ISO
8124-1.2009 Amendment A2. 2012. The technical differences and reasons
between this Part and ISO 8124-1.2000 are as follows.
- With regard to normative references, this Part has made technical
adjustments to meet the technical conditions of China. The adjustment
is reflected in Clause 2 "Normative references". Specific adjustments
are as follows.
• used GB/T 230.1-2009 that modified ISO 6508-1.2005 to replace ISO
• used GB/T 2411 that equivalently adopted ISO 868 to replace ISO
• used GB/T 3505 that equivalently adopted ISO 4287 to replace ISO
• used GB/T 3758-1996 that in-equivalently adopted ISO 3746.1995 to
replace ISO 3746.1995;
• used GB/T 3785.1-2010 that equivalently adopted IEC 61672-1.2002
to replace IEC 61672-1.2002;
• used GB/T 3785.2-2010 that equivalently adopted IEC 61672-2.2003
to replace IEC 61672-2.2003;
• used GB/T 6672 that equivalently adopted ISO 4593 to replace ISO
• used GB 14746 that equivalently adopted ISO 8098 to replace ISO
• added GB/T 17248.2, GB/T 17248.3, GB/T 17248.5, GB/T 26710,
GB/T 28022 as normative references;
- added NOTE 1 to 4.10;
- modified 5.10;
- modified 5.24.2.
This Part made the following editorial modifications.
- incorporated amendments A1.2007, A2.2007 and ISO8124-1.2009
Amendment A2.2012.
This Part was proposed by China Light Industry Federation.
This Part shall be under the jurisdiction of National Technical Committee on
Toys of Standardization Administration of China (SAC/TC 253).
The drafting organizations of this Part. Guangdong Entry-Exit Inspection and
Quarantine Bureau Inspection and Quarantine Technology Center Toy
Laboratory, Certificate Center of Light Industry Council, Guangdong Alpha
Animation and Culture Co., Ltd., Hua Wei Technology Co., Ltd., Goodbaby
Children’s Products Co., Ltd., Guangdong Qunxing Toys Co., Ltd., Shenzhen
Tianxiang Quality Technology Service Co., Ltd., SGS Standard Technology
Services Company Limited Shenzhen Branch, Yangzhou Import and Export
Toy Inspection Institute, China Shanghai Import and Export Toy Testing
Center, Shenzhen Institute of Measurement and Quality Inspection,
Shenzhen Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau Toy Detection
Technology Center.
Main drafters of this Part. Chen Yang, Li Junqi, Guo Xiangbin, Lao Yongjian,
Liu Jiawei, Zhang Yanfen, Zhu Weixing, Wang Long, Ke Dengming, Liu Xin,
Lei Zaiming, Lei Dahua, Yin Lijun, Huang Yixian.
Versions of standard substituted by this Part are.
- GB 6675-1986, GB 6675-2003.
Safety of toys –
Part 2. Mechanical and physical properties
1 Scope
The requirements in this Part of GB 6675 apply to all toys, i.e. any product or
material designed or clearly intended for use in play by children under 14
years of age. They are applicable to a toy as it is initially received by the
consumer and, in addition, they apply after a toy is subjected to reasonably
foreseeable conditions of normal use and abuse unless specifically noted
The requirements of this Part specify acceptable criteria for structural
characteristics of toys, such as shape, size, contour, spacing (e.g. rattles,
small parts, sharp points and edges, hinge-line clearances) as well as
acceptable criteria for properties peculiar to certain categories of toy (e.g.
maximum kinetic energy values for non-resilient-tipped projectiles, minimum
tip angles for certain ride-on toys).
This Part specifies requirements and test methods for toys intended for use
by children in various age groups from birth to 14 years. The requirements
vary according to the age group for which a particular toy is intended. The
requirements for a particular age group reflect the nature of the hazards and
the expected mental and/or physical abilities of the child to cope with them.
NOTE 1. See Annex A for toy age grouping guide. For more details, see GB/T 28022.
This Part also requires that appropriate warnings and/or instructions for use
be given on certain toys or their packaging. This Part requires appropriate
warnings and/or instructions on certain toy bodies or their packaging. The
basic contents of the warning and instructions are listed in Annex B.
This Part does not purport to cover or include every conceivable potential
hazard of a particular toy or toy category. Except for labelling requirements
indicating the functional hazards and the age range for which the toy is
intended, this Part has no requirements for those characteristics of toys that
represent an inherent and recognized hazard that is integral to the function of
the toy.
NOTE 2. An example of such a hazard is the sharp point necessary for the proper function of
a needle. The needle is a hazard that is well understood by the purchaser of a toy sewing kit,
and the functional sharp point hazard is communicated to the user as part of the normal
Toys that contain magnets and which can be expected to become wet during
normal and foreseeable use are subjected to a soaking test to ensure that
glued magnets do not detach when the toy is wet. Also, wooden toys are
subjected to the test since the properties of wood (such as size of holes) can
change even with changes in air humidity.
In some cases, magnets are recessed and therefore cannot be subjected to
the normal torque and tension tests. Examples of toys have been found
where a magnet has become detached by another magnet. A tension test for
magnets has been introduced to minimize the risk that such magnets become
detached during normal and foreseeable play.
Source: Above contents are excerpted from the PDF -- translated/reviewed by: www.chinesestandard.net / Wayne Zheng et al.