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GB 5768.2-2022 PDF in English


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GB 5768.2-2022: PDF in English

GB 5768.2-2022
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 03.220.20
CCS R 80
Replacing GB 5768.2-2009
Road traffic signs and markings - Part 2: Road traffic signs
ISSUED ON: MARCH 15, 2022
IMPLEMENTED ON: OCTOBER 01, 2022
Issued by: State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of PRC.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 8 
Introduction ... 14 
1 Scope ... 15 
2 Normative references ... 15 
3 Terms and definitions... 15 
4 General ... 15 
4.1 Basic requirements ... 15 
4.2 Classification ... 16 
4.3 Color ... 17 
4.4 Shape ... 19 
4.5 Characters ... 20 
4.6 Dimensions ... 22 
4.7 Patterns ... 26 
4.8 Settings ... 26 
4.9 Use and maintenance ... 32 
4.10 Fabrication ... 33 
4.11 Variable information signs ... 34 
5 Prohibition signs ... 36 
5.1 General provisions ... 36 
5.2 Stop-to-give-way sign (Prohibition 1) ... 36 
5.3 Deceleration-to-give-way sign (Prohibition 2) ... 37 
5.4 Give-way-to-oncoming-vehicle signs (Prohibition 3) ... 38 
5.5 Passage prohibition sign (Prohibition 4) ... 39 
5.6 No-entry sign (Prohibition 5) ... 40 
5.7 Signs prohibiting entry of motor vehicles (Prohibition 6) ... 40 
5.8 Signs prohibiting large (or small) passenger car from entry (Prohibition 7, Prohibition
8) ... 42 
5.9 Signs prohibiting the entry of trucks (Prohibition 9) ... 42 
5.10 Signs prohibiting the entry of trailers and semi-trailers (Prohibition 10) ... 43 
5.11 Signs prohibiting the entry of tractors (Prohibition 11) ... 44 
5.12 Signs prohibiting the entry of three-wheeled vehicles and low-speed trucks
(Prohibition 12) ... 44 
5.13 Signs prohibiting the entry of motorcycles (Prohibition 13) ... 44 
5.14 Signs prohibiting the entry of non-motor vehicles (Prohibition 14) ... 45 
5.15 Signs prohibiting the entry of electric bicycles (Prohibition 15) ... 45 
5.16 Sign prohibiting the entry of animal-drawn carts (Prohibition 16) ... 45 
5.17 Sign prohibiting the entry of tricycles (Prohibition 17) ... 46 
5.18 Signs prohibiting the entry of manpower (passenger, cargo) tricycles (Prohibition 18,
Prohibition 19) ... 46 
5.19 Sign prohibiting the entry of rickshaw (Prohibition 20) ... 46 
5.20 Sign prohibiting the entry of pedestrian (Prohibition 21) ... 47 
5.21 Signs prohibiting the entry of certain two types of vehicles (Prohibition 22) ... 47 
5.22 Left (right)-turn prohibition sign (Prohibition 23, Prohibition 24) ... 47 
5.23 Go-straight prohibition sign (Prohibition 25) ... 48 
5.24 Left/right-turn prohibition signs (Prohibition 26) ... 49 
5.25 Go-straight and left-turn (or go-straight and right-turn) prohibition sign (Prohibition
27, Prohibition 28) ... 50 
5.26 U-turn prohibition sign (Prohibition 29) ... 51 
5.27 Overtaking prohibition signs (Prohibition 30) ... 51 
5.28 Sign releasing the prohibition of overtaking (Prohibition 31) ... 51 
5.29 No-parking sign (Prohibition 32) ... 52 
5.30 Prohibition of long-term parking of vehicles (Prohibition 33) ... 53 
5.31 No-honking signs (Prohibition 34) ... 54 
5.32 Width limit signs (Prohibition 35) ... 54 
5.33 Height limit signs (Prohibition 36) ... 54 
5.34 Mass limit sign (Prohibition 37) ... 56 
5.35 Axle weight restriction sign (Prohibition 38) ... 56 
5.36 Speed limit sign (Prohibition 39) ... 57 
5.37 Speed limit release sign (Prohibition 40) ... 58 
5.38 Stop-for-inspection sign (Prohibition 41) ... 58 
5.39 Signs prohibiting the entry of dangerous goods transport vehicles (Prohibition 42)
... 59 
5.40 Regional prohibition (or restriction) and release signs (Prohibition 43, Prohibition 44,
Prohibition 45, Prohibition 46, Prohibition 47, Prohibition 48) ... 59 
6 Indication signs ... 61 
6.1 General provisions ... 61 
6.2 Go-straight sign (Indication 1) ... 62 
6.3 Left (or right) turn sign (Indication 2, Indication 3) ... 62 
6.4 Go-straight and turn-left (or go-straight and turn-right) signs (Indication 4, Indication
5) ... 63 
6.5 Left turn and right turn signs (Indication 6) ... 63 
6.6 Driving signs on the right (or left) side of the medial strip (Indication 7, Indication 8)
... 64 
6.7 Roundabout driving sign (Indication 9) ... 65 
6.8 One-way road signs (Indication 10, Indication 11) ... 65 
6.9 Honking sign (Indication 12) ... 67 
6.10 Light-on sign (Indication 13) ... 68 
6.11 Minimum speed limit sign (Indication 14) ... 68 
6.12 Priority-over-oncoming vehicle sign (Indication 15) ... 69 
6.13 Pedestrian crossing signs (Indication 16) ... 69 
6.14 Lane driving direction signs (Indication 17, Indication 18, Indication 19, Indication
20, Indication 21, Indication 22, Indication 23) ... 70 
6.15 Sign for motor vehicle driving (Indication 24) ... 71 
6.16 Sign for motor vehicle lane (Indication 25) ... 72 
6.17 Sign for small passenger car lane (Indication 26) ... 72 
6.18 Sign for bus-dedicated lane (Indication 27) ... 73 
6.19 Sign for Bus Rapid Transit (BRT)-dedicated lane (Indication 28) ... 74 
6.20 Sign for tram-dedicated lane (Indication 29) ... 74 
6.21 Sign for high-occupancy vehicle (HOV)-dedicated lane (Indication 30) ... 75 
6.22 Signs for driving of non-motor vehicles (Indication 31) ... 75 
6.23 Sign for non-motor vehicle lane (Indication 32) ... 75 
6.24 Sign for driving of electric bicycles (Indication 33) ... 76 
6.25 Sign for electric bicycle lane (Indication 34) ... 76 
6.26 Pedestrian sign (Indication 35) ... 77 
6.27 Signs for non-motor vehicles and pedestrians (Indication 36, Indication 37) ... 77 
6.28 Juxtaposition of signs for different dedicated lanes ... 78 
6.29 Sign for push-moving of non-motor vehicle (Indication 38) ... 78 
6.30 Sign for driving in the right lane (Indication 39) ... 79 
6.31 Parking space sign (Indication 40) ... 80 
6.32 Sign for U-turn allowed (Indication 41) ... 84 
6.33 Sign for driving on hard shoulder (Indication 42) ... 84 
6.34 Sign for truck passage (Indication 43) ... 85 
7 Warning signs ... 86 
7.1 General provisions ... 86 
7.2 Intersection signs (Warning 1) ... 86 
7.3 Sharp bend signs (Warning 2) ... 89 
7.4 Reverse bend signs (Warning 3) ... 90 
7.5 Continuous bend sign (Warning 4) ... 91 
7.6 Steep slope sign (Warning 5) ... 92 
7.7 Continuous downhill sign (Warning 6) ... 93 
7.8 Narrow road signs (Warning7) ... 93 
7.9 Narrow bridge sign (Warning 8) ... 94 
7.10 Two-way traffic signs (Warning 9) ... 94 
7.11 Sign for paying attention to pedestrian (Warning 10) ... 95 
7.12 Sign for paying attention to children (Warning 11) ... 95 
7.13 Sign for paying attention to the disabled (Warning 12) ... 96 
7.14 Sign for paying attention to non-motor vehicles (Warning 13) ... 96 
7.15 Sign for paying attention to electric bicycle (Warning 14) ... 96 
7.16 Sign for paying attention to livestock (Warning 15) ... 97 
7.17 Sign for paying attention to wild animals (Warning 16) ... 97 
7.18 Sign for paying attention to signal light (Warning 17) ... 98 
7.19 Sign for paying attention to rockfall (Warning 18) ... 98 
7.20 Sign for paying attention to crosswind (Warning 19) ... 98 
7.21 Sign for paying attention to slip (Warning 20) ... 99 
7.22 Sign of dangerous road near mountain (Warning 21) ... 99 
7.23 Embankment road sign (Warning 22) ... 100 
7.24 Village sign (Warning 23) ... 100 
7.25 Tunnel sign (Warning 24) ... 100 
7.26 Hump bridge sign (Warning 25) ... 101 
7.27 Uneven road signs (Warning 26) ... 101 
7.28 Speed bump signs (Warning 27) ... 102 
7.29 Signs for overflowing road pavement (or overflowing bridges) (Warning 28) ... 102 
7.30 Railway crossing signs (Warning 29, Warning 30, Warning 31, Warning 32) ... 103 
7.31 Signs of accident-prone road segments (Warning 33) ... 105 
7.32 Sign for paying attention to obstacles (Warning 34) ... 105 
7.33 Sign for paying attention to hazard (Warning 35) ... 106 
7.34 Construction signs (Warning 36) ... 106 
7.35 Traffic accident management signs (Warning 37) ... 106 
7.36 Recommended speed sign (Warning 38) ... 107 
7.37 Sign for paying attention to tidal lane (Warning 39) ... 108 
7.38 Sign for paying attention to keep distance (Warning 40) ... 108 
7.39 Sign for paying attention to merging (Warning 41) ... 108 
7.40 Sign for paying attention to decrease of number of lanes (Warning 42) ... 109 
7.41 Truck escape ramp signs (Warning 43) ... 109 
7.42 Sign for paying attention to road icing, paying attention to rain (snow) days, paying
attention to foggy days, paying attention unfavorable weather conditions (Warning 44)
... 110 
7.43 Sign for paying attention to the queue of vehicles ahead (Warning 45) ... 111 
7.44 Linear guide signs (Warning 46) ... 111 
7.45 Sign for paying attention to stagnant water (Warning 47) ... 116 
8 Guide signs of general road ... 117 
8.1 General provisions ... 117 
8.2 Classification ... 121 
8.3 Route guidance signs ... 122 
8.4 Location guidance signs ... 127 
8.5 Guidance signs for facilities along the road ... 129 
8.6 Other road information guidance signs ... 133 
9 Guide signs of highway, urban expressway ... 138 
9.1 General provisions ... 138 
9.2 Classification ... 142 
9.3 Route guidance signs ... 143 
9.4 Information guidance signs along the route ... 161 
9.5 Guidance signs for facilities along the route ... 166 
10 Tourist attraction signs ... 171 
10.1 General provisions ... 171 
10.2 Travel guidance signs (Tourism 1, Tourism 2) ... 172 
10.3 Tourism symbol signs (Tourism 3 ~ Tourism 17) ... 173 
11 Notification signs ... 175 
11.1 General provisions ... 175 
11.2 Road facility description signs ... 175 
11.3 Off-road facility guidance sign ... 176 
11.4 Driving safety reminder signs ... 176 
11.5 Setting of notification signs ... 178 
12 Auxiliary signs ... 178 
Appendix A (Informative) Chinese-English comparison of special nouns for traffic
signs ... 182 
Appendix B (Informative) Fonts of traffic sign ... 183 
Appendix C (Normative) Character height of highway number sign ... 201 
Appendix D (Informative) Recommendations for the coordination of traffic signs and
markings ... 205 
Appendix E (Informative) Legend of traffic sign production ... 206 
Appendix F (Informative) Setting conditions for stop-to-give-way signs and
deceleration-to-give-way signs ... 357 
Appendix G (Informative) Example of layered selection of route guidance sign
information for general road ... 360 
Appendix H (Informative) Example for setting of general road guide sign ... 363 
Appendix I (Informative) Examples of highway and urban expressway guide signs
... 372 
Appendix J (Informative) Example for setting of tourist attraction sign ... 382 
Index ... 385 
Road traffic signs and markings - Part 2: Road traffic signs
1 Scope
This document specifies the requirements for the classification, color, shape, character,
size, patterns, setting, use, maintenance, production of road traffic signs.
This document applies to all kinds of road traffic signs on roads, urban roads, places
under the jurisdiction of the organization but allowing social motor vehicles to pass,
including squares, public parking lots and other places used for public passage.
2 Normative references
The contents of the following documents constitute essential provisions of this
document through normative references in the text. Among them, for dated references,
only the version corresponding to the date applies to this document; for undated
references, the latest version (including all amendments) is applicable to this document.
GB 5768.1 Road traffic signs and markings - Part 1: General
GB 17733 Geographical names - Signs
3 Terms and definitions
There are no terms and definitions, that need to be defined, in this document.
4 General
4.1 Basic requirements
4.1.1 Road traffic signs convey traffic control and guidance information to road users,
through colors, shapes, characters, patterns, etc.
4.1.2 Road traffic signs shall comply with the following principles:
a) Meet the needs of road users;
b) Cause the attention of road users;
c) Convey clear, concise meaning;
d) Obtain road user's compliance;
e) Provide adequate time for a reasonable response by road users.
4.1.3 The phenomenon of insufficient or overloaded information shall be prevented.
4.1.4 Important information may be reasonably repeated.
4.1.5 When the signs and markings are used together, they shall have the same meaning,
complement each other; they shall not cause ambiguity; they shall be coordinated with
other facilities; they shall not contradict the signal lights.
Note: The road traffic markings, in the example in this document, are for illustration only.
4.2 Classification
4.2.1 The road traffic signs are divided into primary signs and auxiliary signs, according
to their functions:
a) The primary sign consists of:
1) Prohibition signs: The signs prohibiting or restricting the traffic behavior of
road users;
2) Indication signs: The signs indicating that road users shall follow;
3) Warning signs: The signs warning road users to pay attention to roads and
traffic;
4) Guide signs: The signs that convey road direction, location, distance
information;
5) Signs of tourist attractions: The signs that provide directions and distances of
tourist attractions;
6) Notification signs: The signs that inform off-street facilities, safe driving
information and other information.
b) Auxiliary signs are signs, which are located below the primary signs, to provide
auxiliary explanations.
4.2.2 Road traffic signs are divided into roadside signs and overhead signs, according
to their display positions.
4.2.3 Road traffic signs are divided into static signs and variable information signs,
according to the display method of layout content.
4.2.4 Road traffic signs are divided into three types: retroreflective signs, illuminated
signs, luminous signs, according to their optical characteristics, among which the
illuminated signs are further divided into internally illuminated signs and externally
illuminated signs, according to the installation position of the light source.
4.2.5 The road traffic signs are divided into permanent signs and temporary signs,
according to the setting time limit. Road traffic signs, which are used in areas where
road conditions have changed, due to construction work or traffic accident management,
are temporary signs.
4.2.6 Road traffic signs are divided into compulsory signs and non-compulsory signs,
according to the mandatory degree of the information conveyed by the signs.
Prohibition signs and indication signs are signs that road users must follow; other signs
are only informational, such as guide signs, tourist attraction signs.
The stop-to-give-way signs and the deceleration-to-give-way signs, in the prohibition
signs, shall not be superimposed. Other prohibition signs and indication signs should
not be superimposed. For other prohibition signs and indication signs, than the stop-to-
give-way signs and the deceleration-to-give-way signs, which are superimposed on
white frameless bottom plate, they are mandatory signs.
For the stop-to-give-way signs and the deceleration-to-give-way signs, which are
superimposed on other signs, to provide the information only related to prohibition,
restriction, compliance, as a supplementary description or prediction, they are non-
mandatory signs.
4.3 Color
4.3.1 The basic meanings of the colors of traffic signs are as shown in Table 1.
the work zone OR the traffic incident management zone.
4.6.8 The height of the guide signs, which are set in the tunnel, shall be selected,
according to the design speed or speed limit. When the headroom is limited, the
information can be reduced, OR the content of a piece of sign can be reasonably divided
and set, after demonstration.
4.7 Patterns
The use of graphic signs, other than those specified in this document, is a trial sign,
which shall be implemented, in accordance with the procedures specified in GB 5768.1;
meanwhile auxiliary signs shall be added, to explain the meaning.
4.8 Settings
4.8.1 Road traffic signs should be set on the right side of the road in the direction of
vehicle travel, OR on the left side of the road in the direction of vehicle travel, OR on
both sides at the same time, OR above the road, according to specific conditions.
4.8.2 To ensure visibility, where more than two signs need to be set at the same location,
they should be installed on one support structure, BUT it shall not exceed 4 at most.
4.8.3 In principle, it shall avoid the juxtaposition of different types of primary signs,
such as prohibition signs and guide signs.
4.8.4 The stop-to-give-way signs, the deceleration-to-give-way signs, the speed limit
release signs, the overtaking prohibition signs, the overtaking prohibition release signs,
the priority over oncoming vehicle signs, the give way to oncoming vehicle signs should
be set up separately. If it cannot be set independently, due to restrictions of conditions,
there shall not be more than two signs on a support structure; the auxiliary signs are not
counted.
4.8.5 Warning signs shall not be set on a support structure, together with stop-to-give-
way signs and deceleration-to-give-way signs. Warning signs should not be set up too
much. When more than two warning signs need to be set, at the same location, in
principle, only the most needed one is set.
4.8.6 For the signs juxtaposed on a support structure, they shall be installed from top to
bottom and from left to right, in the order of prohibition signs, indication signs, warning
signs.
4.8.7 Prohibition signs and indication signs shall be placed at the beginning of
prohibition, restriction or compliance. At appropriate positions in front of the
intersection of the road segment, where some prohibition sign starts, it should set
corresponding guide signs, so that the prohibited and restricted vehicles can take action
1) The internal lighting signs shall be structurally designed, according to the size
of the board, the subjected wind force, etc.;
2) Ensure that the illumination of the sign board is uniform; there is a visual
recognition distance of more than 150 m, at night;
3) The metal components shall be qualified for anti-corrosion treatment, rain-
proof and dust-proof; the electrical components are durable and reliable, the
maintenance is convenient.
c) For external lighting, the light source is installed at the lower front of the outside
of the sign, OR at other appropriate positions, to illuminate the sign surface. The
requirements are as follows:
1) The color rendering index (Ra) of the external lighting source shall not be lower
than 80; the light source shall be specially designed; the lighting fixture and
its shadow shall not affect the reading of the sign;
2) The illuminance of the light source, on the sign surface, shall be uniform; the
ratio of the maximum illuminance to the minimum illuminance shall be less
than 4; the visual distance shall be more than 150 m, at night;
3) The external lighting source shall not cause glare;
4) The metal components, which support the lighting fixtures, shall be qualified
for anti-corrosion treatment; the electrical components are durable and reliable,
the maintenance is convenient.
4.8.17 The luminous signs work normally and stably. It meets the following
requirements:
a) Devices or materials, such as high-brightness light-emitting diodes (LEDs), can
be used for the luminous parts; the retro-reflective materials shall be used for the
non-luminous parts;
b) It has a visual recognition distance of more than 150 m, at night;
c) If flashing, all luminous units shall be synchronized; the flashing frequency should
be 50 times/min ~ 60 times/min.
4.9 Use and maintenance
4.9.1 From the date of implementation of this document, all newly installed (modified)
traffic signs shall be implemented, in accordance with the provisions of this document;
the traffic signs, that have been set up in accordance with the previous edition of this
document, shall be gradually replaced, within their service life.
4.9.2 The setting (adjustment) of the traffic signs, for the newly constructed (modified
or expanded) roads, shall be completed before the newly constructed (modified or
expanded) roads are completed and opened to traffic; the signs related to the newly
constructed (modified or expanded) roads, in the road network, shall also be adjust
synchronously and set completely; the signs, that cannot be used any more, shall be
removed.
4.9.3 When the road traffic conditions change, the setting of relevant signs shall be
adjusted.
4.9.4 The road number signs and road name signs shall be used as far as possible, to
enable road users to know their route and location.
4.9.5 The signs shall be cleaned and maintained regularly, to ensure visibility. Signs
shall also avoid being blocked by trees; the visual recognition of signs shall not be
influenced by road lighting.
4.9.6 The shape and color of the sign shall comply with the provisions of this document,
during its service period.
4.9.7 The back of the sign board shall not be used for publicity or advertisement; it shall
be gray, black or metallic primary color; meanwhile avoid glare.
4.9.8 When the sign is installed, the relevant information of sign management can be
pasted on the back of the sign board OR on the column. The information, which is
pasted on the back, shall not be colored or reflective; it can be the same color as the
back of the sign board. If it is text, the height of the characters shall be so small, that it
cannot be seen by the driver.
4.9.9 Unless otherwise specified, signs can be used alone OR in conjunction with
markings. See Appendix D, for recommendations on the coordination of traffic signs
and markings.
4.10 Fabrication
4.10.1 The patterns of road traffic signs shall be scaled up, according to the provisions
of this document. See Appendix E, for an example of the fabrication of pattern of road
traffic signs.
4.10.2 Combined with the layout of text or patterns, the sign board, which is installed
on the support structure, can leave a gap of not more than 10 cm, as shown in Figure 9.
However, it shall be noted that the gap should not be left on the text, pattern, etc. It shall
avoid the visual recognition from being influenced by the backlight environment. Other
measures, that are convenient for transportation and installation BUT do not affect the
visual recognition of the signs, may also be adopted.
......
Source: Above contents are excerpted from the PDF -- translated/reviewed by: www.chinesestandard.net / Wayne Zheng et al.