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GB 27952-2011 (GB27952-2011)

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GB 27952-2011: PDF in English
GB 27952-2011
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 11.080
C 59
Hygienic requirements for surface disinfectants
ISSUED ON: DECEMBER 30, 2011
IMPLEMENTED ON: MAY 01, 2012
Issued by: Ministry of Health of the People's Republic of China;
Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of
China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
1 Scope ... 4 
2 Normative references ... 4 
3 Terms and definitions ... 4 
4 Technical requirements ... 5 
5 Inspection methods ... 6 
6 Use methods ... 7 
7 User manual, labels and packaging marks ... 7 
8 Precautions for use ... 7 
Annex A (informative) Dosage and use manner of common disinfectants used
for subject surface disinfection ... 9 
Hygienic requirements for surface disinfectants
1 Scope
This Standard specifies technical requirements, inspection methods, use
methods, user manual and labels as well as precautions for use of surface
disinfectants of general subjects.
This Standard is applicable to various types of disinfectants for preventive
surface disinfection of general subjects.
2 Normative references
The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of
this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated
references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any
amendments) applies.
GB 190, Packing symbol of dangerous goods
GB/T 191, Packaging - Pictorial Marking for Handling of Goods
GB 1616, Hydrogen peroxide for industrial use
GB/T 10666, Calcium hypochlorite
GB 19104, Peracetic acid solution
GB 19106, Sodium hypochlorite
Pharmacopoeia of People's Republic of China
Disinfection technical specifications, Ministry of Public Health
Specification for the management of label instructions for disinfection
products, Ministry of Public Health
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1 preventive disinfection
Disinfection of items and locations that may be contaminated by pathogenic
microorganisms.
3.2 general subject surface
Surfaces of utensils, articles and facilities in various places such as schools,
child care institutions, medical and health institutions, public places, families,
etc.
3.3 general subject surface disinfectant
Preparation for killing microorganisms on the surface of general subjects to
achieve disinfection effect.
4 Technical requirements
4.1 Commonly-used disinfectants
4.1.1 Chlorine-containing disinfectant: Calcium hypochlorite shall meet the
requirements of GB/T 10666. Sodium hypochlorite shall meet the requirements
of GB 19106.
4.1.2 Bromine-containing disinfectant: it shall meet the relevant quality
requirements of the country.
4.1.3 Peroxide disinfectant: Hydrogen peroxide shall meet the quality
requirements of GB 1616. Peroxyacetic acid shall meet the quality
requirements of GB 19104. Chlorine dioxide, including liquid and solid
preparations and chlorine dioxide gas generated by chlorine dioxide generators,
shall comply with relevant national quality requirements.
4.1.4 Alcohol disinfectant: Alcohol disinfectant ethanol shall meet the
requirements of Pharmacopoeia of People's Republic of China.
4.1.5 Phenolic disinfectant: Cresol, p-chloro-m-diphenol and trichloro
hydroxydiphenyl ether shall meet the relevant quality requirements.
4.1.6 Quaternary ammonium salt disinfectant: Bromo-geramine shall meet the
requirements of Pharmacopoeia of People's Republic of China.
4.2 Requirements for raw materials
Raw materials shall comply with relevant regulations of the country and industry
standards.
4.3 Product quality requirements
6 Use methods
6.1 Use manner
6.1.1 Wipe: Use tap water to dilute the disinfectant to the concentration for use.
Moisture a clean cloth to wipe the subject.
6.1.2 Soak: Use tap water to dilute the disinfectant to the concentration for use.
Completely soak the subject into the disinfectant. Act till the specified time.
6.1.3 Spray: Use tap water to dilute the disinfectant to the concentration for use.
Use a conventional sprayer or ultra-low volume sprayer to spray. Act till the
specified time. Open windows for ventilation.
6.2 Dosage
See Annex A for the dosage of common disinfectants.
6.3 Flow rinse: For on-site prepared disinfectants for on-site use, place the item
to be disinfected at the outlet of disinfectant, continuously rinse till the specified
time.
7 User manual, labels and packaging marks
The user manual, labels shall comply with relevant provisions of Specification
for the management of label instructions for disinfection products. The
packaging marks shall comply with the provisions of GB 190 and GB/T 181.
8 Precautions for use
8.1 According to the different characteristics of the subject to be disinfected,
choose to use different disinfectants.
8.2 Disinfectants in this category are only used to disinfect the general subject
surface. They must not be taken orally. Keep out of the reach of children.
8.3 Under the concentration of use, the disinfectant with moderate
corrosiveness to the metal is used for the disinfection of the corresponding
metal items with caution. Disinfectants that are highly corrosive to metals are
used with caution in disinfection of general subject surface. If the disinfectant is
corrosive to metals and has bleaching and fading effects on fabrics, it shall be
used with caution. Disinfectants that are moderately corrosive to metals may
not be used for a long time. When the disinfectant used is corrosive to the
subject, it shall use clean water to wipe or rinse after acting for a specified time.
......
(Above excerpt was released on 2020-05-16, modified on 2021-06-07, translated/reviewed by: Wayne Zheng et al.)
Source: https://www.chinesestandard.net/PDF.aspx/GB27952-2011