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FZ/T 01057.4-2007 (FZ/T01057.4-2007)

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FZ/T 01057.4-2007: PDF in English (FZT 01057.4-2007)
FZ/T 01057.4-2007
FZ
TEXTILE INDUSTRY STANDARD
OF THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 59.080.01
W 04
Replacing FZ/T 01057.4-1999
Test Method for Identification of Textile Fibers -
Part 4. Solubility
ISSUED ON. MAY 29, 2007
IMPLEMENTED ON. DECEMBER 1, 2007
Issued by. National Development and Reform Commission of the
People's Republic of China
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
1 Scope ... 5 
2 Normative References ... 5 
3 Principle ... 5 
4 Reagent ... 5 
5 Instrument and Tool ... 5 
6 Sample ... 6 
7 Preparation of Solution ... 6 
8 Procedure ... 6 
9 Solubility Properties of Common Textile Fibers ... 7 
10 Test Report ... 7 
Appendix A (Informative) ... 8 
Foreword
FZ/T 01057 "Test Method for Identification of Textile Fibers" includes nine parts.
— Part 1. General Introduction;
— Part 2. Burning Behavior;
— Part 3. Microscopy;
— Part 4. Solubility;
— Part 5. Qualitative Observation of Color-production for Chloring and Nitrogen;
— Part 6. Fiber Melting Point;
— Part 7. Density Gradient Column Method;
— Part 8. Infrared spectrometry;
— Part 9. Birefraction.
This part is the fourth part of FZ/T 01057.
This Part replaces FZ/T 01057.4-1999 "Test Method for Identification of Textile Fibers
- Solubility".
Compared with FZ/T 01057-1999, 11 parts in the former standard are integrated to 9
parts presented in a new sequence. Part 5 "Dye and Stain Tests" and Part 11
"Comprehensive Method" in the former standard are canceled; the former part 6
"Qualitative Observation of Color-production for Chloring and Nitrogen" is re-located
to part 5; the former part 7 "Fibre Melting Point" is re-located to part 6; the former part
9 "Density Gradient Column Method" is re-located to part 7, and the former part 10
"birefraction" is re-located to part 9.
There are the following revisions to FZ/T 01057.4-1999.
1) Change the name of the standard to "Test Method for Identification of Textile
Fibers - Part 4. Solubility";
2) Add chapter "Normative References";
3) Add chapter "Test Report";
4) Integrate "Test Number" into chapter "Procedure";
5) Add the method for preparation of copper-ammonia solution in chapter
Test Method for Identification of Textile Fibers –
Part 4. Solubility
1 Scope
This Part of FZ/T 01057 specifies a test method for textile fiber identification -
solubility method.
This Part is applicable to qualitative identification for textile fibers.
2 Normative References
Provisions of the following documents, through reference in this Part of FZ/T 01057,
constitute the provisions of this Part. For dated reference, the subsequent
amendments (excluding correction) or revisions of these publications do not apply.
However, the parties who enter into an agreement according to this Part are
encouraged to research whether the latest editions of these documents are applied or
not. For undated references, the latest edition of the normative document is applicable
to this part.
FZ/T 01057.1 Test Method for Identification of Textile Fibers - Part 1. General
Introduction
3 Principle
A fiber may be identified by utilizing the different solubility property at different
temperature and in different chemical agents.
4 Reagent
The reagents to be used are analytically pure or chemical pure; they include.
concentrated sulphuric acid, concentrated nitric acid, formic acid, glacial acetic acid,
fluohydric acid, sodium hydrate, sodium hypochlorite, potassium rhodanate,
N,N-dimethylformamide, cyclohexanone, dimethylketone, phenol, tetrachloroethane,
1,4-butyrolactone, dimethylsulphoxide, dichloromethane, carbon tetrachloride,
tetrahydrofuran, cupric hydroxide, ammonium hydroxide (stronger ammonia water)
and acetic ether.
5 Instrument and Tool
the solubility results gotten differ significantly.
9 Solubility Properties of Common Textile Fibers
The solubility properties of common textile fibers are as shown in Table A.1 of
Appendix A.
10 Test Report
The test report shall include the following information.
a) The statement that the test complies with the requirements of this Part;
b) The information of the sample;
c) The deflect from the specified procedure;
d) The solubility condition of the sample; and
e) The fiber type of the sample.
Fiber
Solution (solvent)
95%~98%
Sulfuric acid solution
70%
Sulfuric acid solution
60%
Sulfuric acid solution
40%
Sulfuric acid solution
36%~38%
Hydrochloric acid
15%
Hydrochloric acid
24°C~30°C Boiling 24°C~30°C Boiling 24°C~30°C Boiling 24°C~30°C Boiling 24°C~30°C Boiling 24°C~30°C Boiling
Cotton S S0 S S0 I S I P I P I P
Hemp S S0 S S0 P S0 I S0 I P I P
Natural silk S S0 S0 S0 S S0 I S0 P S I P
Animal plush I S0 I S0 I S0 I S0 I P I I
Viscose S0 S0 S S0 P S0 I S S S0 I P
Lyocell fiber S0 S0 S S0 S S I S0 S S0 I P
Modal fiber S0 S0 S S0 S S I S S S0 I P
Copper ammonia fiber S0 S0 S0 S0 S0 S0 I S0 I S0 I P
Acetate fiber S0 S0 S0 S0 S S0 I I S S0 I S
Triacetate fiber S0 S0 S0 S0 S S0 I I S S0 I P
Soybean fiber P S0 P S0 P S0 I S0 P S0 P S0
Modified milk-protein
polyacrylonitril fiber S S0 I S0 I S0 I I I I I I
Polylactic acid fiber S S0 I S I I I I I I I I
Dacron S S0 I P I I I I I I I I
Acrylon S S0 S S0 I S0 I I I I I I
Polyamide fiber 6 S S0 S S0 S S0 S0 S0 S0 S0 S S0
Polyamide fiber 66 S0 S0 S S0 S S0 S S0 S0 I
Elastane S S0 S S I S0 I P I I I I
Polyvinyl alcohol fiber S S0 S S0 S S0 P S0 S0 I S
Polyvinyl chloride fiber I I I I I I I I I I I I
Polyvinylidene chloride fiber I I I I I I I I I I I I
Polyethylene fiber I □ I □ I □ I I I I I I
Modified milk-protein
polyacrylonitril fiber I I I I I I I I
Polylactic acid fiber I P P P P P I S
Dacron I I I I I I I I
Acrylon I I I I I I I I
Polyamide fiber 6 I I I I I I I I
Polyamide fiber 66 I I I I I I I I
Elastane I I I I I I I I
Polyvinyl alcohol fiber I I I I I I I I
Polyvinyl chloride fiber I P S S0 S S0 P S0
Polyvinylidene chloride fiber I I I I I S0 I I
Polyethylene fiber I I I I I I I I
Polypropylene fiber I P I I I I I I
Aromatic polyamide fiber I I I I I I I I
Polystyrene fiber S0 — P P P P S S0
Carbon fiber I I I I I I I I
Phenolic fiber I I I I I I I I
Polysulphonamide fiber I I I I I I I I
Amide-oxadiazole fiber I I I I I I I I
Polytetrafluoroethylene fiber I I I I I I I I
Asbestos I I I I I I I I
Glass fiber I I I I I I I I
Note 1. the symbols and their descriptions are as follows.
S0 — Immediately soluble; S — Soluble; P — Partially soluble; Pss — Slightly soluble; □ — Lumpy; I — Insoluble; ∆ — Swelling.
Note 2. other method should be used for identification of asbestos and glass fiber, and they may be dissolved with fluohydric acid if necessary.
......
 
(Above excerpt was released on 2016-04-18, modified on 2021-06-07, translated/reviewed by: Wayne Zheng et al.)
Source: https://www.chinesestandard.net/PDF.aspx/FZT01057.4-2007