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DL/T 805.2-2016 PDF in English


DL/T 805.2-2016 (DL/T805.2-2016, DLT 805.2-2016, DLT805.2-2016)
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DL/T 805.2-2016: PDF in English (DLT 805.2-2016)

DL/T 805.2-2016
DL
NATIONAL POWER INDUSTRY STANDARD
OF THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 27.100
F 24
Record No.. 53886-2016
Replacing DL/T 805.2-2004
Guideline for Cycle Chemistry in Fossil Plants –
Part 2. Phosphate Treatment for Drum Units
ISSUED ON. JANUARY 07, 2016
IMPLEMENTED ON. JUNE 01, 2016
Issued by. National Energy Administration
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 5
2 Normative References ... 5
3 Terms and Definitions ... 6
4 Role and Usage Conditions ... 6
5 Boiler Water Quality Standard ... 7
6 Selection of Treatment Methods for Steam Drum Boiler Water ... 8
7 Inspection Methods ... 10
8 Drug Purity ... 11
9 Boiler Water Sampling and Dosing ... 11
10 Treatment Measures when the Quality of the Boiler Water Deteriorates 12
Foreword
DL/T 805 Guideline for Cycle Chemistry in Fossil Plant can be divided into the following
5 parts.
--- Part 1. Oxygenated Treatment for Feed-Water System of Boiler;
--- Part 2. Phosphate Treatment for Drum Units;
--- Part 3. Caustic Treatment for Drum Units;
--- Part 4. Feedwater Treatment;
--- Part 5. All Volatile Treatment for Drum Units.
This Part belongs to Part 2 of DL/T 805. Compared with DL/T 805.2-2004, this Part
has the major revisions as follows besides the editorial modifications.
--- Modify the pressure rating of the boiler steam drum in the phosphate treatment;
--- Modify the definition of the low phosphate treatment.
--- Delete the coordinated pH-phosphate treatment (CPT);
--- Delete the water quality indicators of the boiler water treatment related to the
segmented evaporation boiler;
--- Modify the boiler water quality indicator during the phosphate treatment (PT);
--- Modify the boiler water quality indicators during the low phosphate treatment
(LPT);
--- Delete the equilibrium phosphate treatment (EPT);
--- Modify the flow chart for selecting the boiler water treatment of steam drum boiler;
--- Modify the treatment value when the boiler water quality is abnormal.
This Standard was drafted as per the rules specified in GB/T 1.1-2009.
This Part was proposed by China Electricity Council.
This Part shall be under the jurisdiction of Technical Committee for Standardization of
Power Plant Chemical of Power Industry.
Chief drafting organizations of this Part. Xi’an Thermal Power Research Institute Co.,
Ltd., and Jilin Electric Power Research Institute Co., Ltd.
Guideline for Cycle Chemistry in Fossil Plants -
Part 2. Phosphate Treatment for Drum Units
1 Scope
This Part of DL/T 805 gives the conditions, principles and control indicators for the
boiler water phosphate treatment in fossil plant.
This Part is applicable to the boiler water treatment of steam drum boiler with steam
drum pressure of 3.8MPa~18.3MPa in the fossil plant.
2 Normative References
The following documents are essential to the application of this document. For the
dated documents, only the versions with the dates indicated are applicable to this
document; for the undated documents, only the latest version (including all the
amendments) are applicable to this document.
GB/T 6904 Water Used in Industrial Circulating Cooling System and Boiler -
Determination of Ph
GB/T 6908 Analysis of Water Used in Boil and Cooling System-Determination of
Electrical Conductivity
GB/T 6913 Analysis of Water Used in Boiler and Cooling System - Determination
of Phosphorus
GB/T 12146 Analysis of Water Used in Boil and Cooling System – Determination
of Ammonia - Phenol Method
GB/T 12149 Determination of Silica in Water for Industrial Circulating Cooling
System and Boiler
GB/T 15453 Water for Industrial Circulating Cooling System and Boiler-
Determination of Chloride
DL/T 954 Analysis of Water and Steam in Fossil Fuel Power Plant Determination
of Fluoride Acetate Formate Chloride Nitrite Nitrate Phosphate and Sulfate by Ion
Chromatography
DL/T 1115 Guide for Chemistry Check - up of Unit Maintenance in Fossil Fuel
Power Plant
3 Terms and Definitions
The following terms and definitions are applicable to this Part of DL/T 805.
3.1 Free sodium hydroxide
The total amount of sodium hydroxide in the boiler water exceeds that produced by the
hydrolysis equilibrium reaction of trisodium phosphate.
3.2 Phosphate treatment (PT)
The treatment adding appropriate amount of trisodium phosphate to the boiler water
to prevent the generation of calcium and magnesium scale in the furnace and reduce
the corrosion on the water-cooled wall tube.
3.3 Low phosphate treatment (LPT)
The treatment adding a small amount of trisodium phosphate to the boiler water.
3.4 Caustic treatment (CT)
The treatment adding sodium hydroxide to the boiler water.
3.5 All volatile treatment (AVT)
The treatment only adding ammonia and hydrazine to the boiler, adding no chemicals
to the boiler water.
4 Role and Usage Conditions
4.1 The role of boiler water phosphate treatment
a) Prevent the generation of calcium and magnesium scales on the inner wall of the
water-cooled wall tube;
b) Increase the cushioning property of the boiler water to prevent the acid or alkaline
corrosion of the water-cooled wall tube;
c) Reduce the vapor carrying against the silicon dioxide; improve the chemical
properties of turbine deposits; and reduce turbine corrosion.
4.2 The problem of boiler water phosphate treatment
The boiler water phosphate treatment can cause the following problems.
a) Phosphate hiding phenomenon, causing acid phosphate corrosion of water-
the length of the steam drum.
For the forced circulation steam drum boiler, the boiler water dosing point can be set
at the inlet of the boiler water circulation pump.
10 Treatment Measures when the Quality of the Boiler
Water Deteriorates
10.1 Classification and treatment principles of boiler water quality
deterioration
The quality of boiler water can be divided into three levels according to the degree of
deterioration, see Table 5; the treatment values for three levels shall meet the following
requirements.
a) Level-I treatment value. since there is the corrosion possibility caused by
impurities; it shall be restored to the standard value within 72h;
b) Level-II treatment value. there is certain corrosion caused by impurities; it shall
be restored to the standard value within 24h;
c) Level-III treatment value. it is undergoing rapid corrosion, if the water quality
doesn’t turn good, the boiler shall be stopped within 4h.
Table 5 – Treatment Value when the Boiler Water Quality is Abnormal
10.2 Treatment measures when pH value of the boiler water changes greatly
When the boiler water quality occurs the following abnormalities, firstly increase the
blowdown of the boiler, and find out the causes.
a) When the pH value of the boiler water drops drastically, an appropriate amount
of sodium hydroxide shall be added in time to make the pH value of the boiler
water qualify.
b) When the pH value of the boiler water increases greatly, adjust the boiler water
timely and dosing till the pH value of the boiler water is qualified.
Steam Drum
pressure
pH treatment values
Level-I Level-II Level-III
or or or
......
 
Source: Above contents are excerpted from the PDF -- translated/reviewed by: www.chinesestandard.net / Wayne Zheng et al.